Experiences of (Young) Women After out of Home Placement: An Examination of Personality Disorder Symptoms Through the Lens of Child Maltreatment
Référence bibliographique 
Scheffers, Femke, van Vugt, Eveline, Lanctôt, Nadine et Lemieux, Annie. 2019. «Experiences of (Young) Women After out of Home Placement: An Examination of Personality Disorder Symptoms Through the Lens of Child Maltreatment ». Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 92, p. 116-125.
Intentions : «The present study seeks to establish the differential relationships between specific types of child maltreatment and specific personality disorder symptoms reported in young adulthood among women who have transitioned out of residential care.» (p. 118)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The present study relied on the Montreal Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Girls in Residential Care (Lanctôt, 2011). This longitudinal study was carried out among 182 girls who were admitted to a residential youth care center and placed for a minimum of three months. […] The longitudinal study consisted of six data collection waves, covering the period from mid-adolescence to emerging adulthood. The present study used data from the first and sixth wave and consisted of 134 young adult women with an average age of 19.41 […]. At the sixth assessment all participants were out of care.» (p. 118)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Our descriptive results showed that symptoms of maltreatment were most prevalent for emotional abuse (31.2%) and emotional neglect (26.4%) as compared to the other forms of abuse (21.6–25.6%). […] The current study demonstrates the importance of examining all forms of child maltreatment, including those types that are often less visible, such as emotional abuse and neglect […] With regard to the prevalence of personality disorders in young adulthood, almost one quarter of the women reported severe symptoms of depressive personality disorder and one third reported similar levels of symptoms of paranoid personality disorder. […] All personality disorder symptoms assessed in young adulthood were associated to symptoms of distress reported in adolescence. This result suggests that personality disorder symptoms have overlapping symptoms with depression and anxiety […]. This is in line with research showing that symptoms of depression in childhood are precursors of personality disorders in adulthood […]. In the present study, only emotional abuse and emotional neglect, and not sexual physical abuse or neglect, were associated with various personality disorders. Controlling for the effect of distress symptoms presented in adolescence and for the covariance between the multiple forms of child maltreatment, emotional abuse was significantly and positively related to the symptoms of personality disorders in the A, C and the Other domain, as well as to the Histrionic personality symptoms.» (p. 122)