Référence bibliographique 
Dilmaghani, Maryam et Tabvuma, Vurain. 2021. «Fragile Families in Quebec and the Rest of Canada: A Comparison of Parental Work-Life Balance Satisfaction ». Population Research and Policy Review, p. 1-34.
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This study examines «how belonging to a fragile family associates with parental work-life balance satisfaction. The contribution of this study to the literature is twofold. First, [the authors] examine whether there are differences in work-life balance satisfaction between married parents and parents in fragile families, considering also the effects of children’s age and the gender of the parent. Second, [they] compare the francophone province of Quebec with the Rest of Canada in this regard.» (p. 3)
The authors first hypothesize that «[s]atisfaction with work-life balance is the highest among married partners, followed by cohabiting parents, and those without a domestic partner.» (p. 7) Then, they secondly hypothesize that «[d]ivorced and separated parents have a lower satisfaction with their work-life balance than parents who never had a domestic partner.» (p. 8) They thirdly hypothesize that «[w]ork-life balance satisfaction disadvantages of mothers in fragile families, when compared with married mothers, are larger than the disadvantages of fathers in fragile families, when compared with married fathers.» (p. 8) Finally, they hypothesize that «[t]he work-life balance satisfaction gaps between married and other types of parents are smaller in Quebec than in the Rest of Canada.» (p. 8)
«The data used in this paper are from the Canadian General Social Survey (GSS). The GSS datasets are nationally representative probability samples of the non-institutionalized population of Canada, 15 years of age and older. […] Given the goal of the paper, the sample is restricted to those who were gainfully employed in the year prior to the GSS interview, and had at least one dependent child. [The] total number of observations remains as large as 15,870 men and women.» (p. 8-9)
Type de traitement des données :
«First, the analysis shows that in the francophone province of Quebec, married mothers and their counterparts in “fragile families” have rather comparable work-life balance satisfaction levels. But, for mothers living in the Rest of Canada, marital status was found to strongly associate with work-life balance outcomes, with advantages for married mothers. Taken together with the generally higher work-life balance satisfaction of Quebec parents, […] it appears that the association of marital status with work-life balance satisfaction is sensitive to the cultural and policy contexts. Second, comparing divorced and separated mothers with those who have never been in a couple showed significant work-life balance satisfaction disadvantages for the latter group, outside of Quebec. These patterns indicate that perhaps, “fragile families” should not be defined in the same way in Quebec and in the Rest of Canada. Finally, the analysis produced evidence that marital status is generally not a consistent predictor of fathers’ work-life balance satisfaction in Canada as a whole. More formally, the [first three hypothesis] are largely confirmed for the Rest of Canada and rejected for Quebec, while the [last hypothesis], which is concerned with the Quebec difference, is confirmed.» (p. 22-23)