A New Methodological Approach to Study Household Structure From Census and Survey Data
Référence bibliographique 
Assche, Simona Bignami-Van, Boulet, Virginie et Simard, Charles-Olivier. 2021. «A New Methodological Approach to Study Household Structure From Census and Survey Data ». Sociological Methods & Research, p. 1-19.
Intentions : «In this article, [the authors] propose an innovative application of sequence analysis techniques to study social structure rather than the evolution of social processes over time. Specifically, [they] introduce the idea of the household configuration as a mathematical representation of observations from the household roster of censuses and surveys that allows for the application of the tools of sequence analysis to study relationships between household members and thus, ultimately, household structure.» (p. 12)
Échantillon/Matériau : This study uses «data from the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), which replaced the long-form questionnaire in that census year (Statistics Canada 2011a, 2011b). In each household, an informant [...] provides basic information about the household members and their characteristics, including whether they identify with an Indigenous identity. Overall, 1.4 million people reported an Indigenous identity in the 2011 NHS, corresponding to 4.6 percent of all Canadian households. The NHS household informants also specify the relationship between themselves and all other household members by choosing among 81 available relationships […].» (p. 9)
Instruments : Questionnaires
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«An application of [this] approach to Canadian data for Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples demonstrates an improved understanding of household structure in these two populations in three main ways. First, it permits the quantification of the differential heterogeneity in living arrangements between the two groups, which cannot be captured by standard approaches relying on predefined categories. For instance, close to a fifth of Indigenous households have complex structures beyond the juxtaposition of nuclear, lone-parent, and multigenerational families whereas the corresponding figure for non-Indigenous households is close to a tenth. Second, contrary to [the author’s] expectations, extended families are not among the most prevalent household structures among Indigenous peoples. Indeed, in current work, [the authors] show that the nuclearization of Indigenous households had already occurred by the early 1990s […]. Third, [it is possible to] disentangle what type of living arrangements form the most prevalent household structures in the two cases. Notably, results for nuclear and lone-parent families indicate that their configuration is different for Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, with extended and multigenerational arrangements being more prevalent among Indigenous peoples than among the latter.» (p. 12-13)