Prospective Associations Between Televiewing at Toddlerhood and Later Self-Reported Social Impairment at Middle School in a Canadian longitudinal Cohort Born in 1997/1998
Référence bibliographique 
Pagani, Linda S., Levesque-Seck, François et Fitzpatrick, Caroline. 2016. «Prospective Associations Between Televiewing at Toddlerhood and Later Self-Reported Social Impairment at Middle School in a Canadian longitudinal Cohort Born in 1997/1998 ». Psychological Medicine, vol. 46, no 16, p. 3329-3337.
Intentions : «[I]n the present study, we use a population-based birth cohort to verify whether televiewing at age 2 years is prospectively associated with self-reported difficulties in social relations at age 13 years, which corresponds to the end of the first year of middle school.» (p. 3330-3331)
Échantillon/Matériau : Les données sont issues d’une étude longitudinale sur le développement de l’enfant menée au Québec auprès d’une cohorte de 2837 enfants née en 1997 et 1998. For this research, the «data were collected for 991 girls and 1006 boys at age 2 years (specifically, 29 months), thus creating our subsample for analyses. Outcome variable data were collected at age 13 years (158 months).» (p. 3331)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
The results shows that «children with less educated parents watched more television […] and children from single-parent families watched more television […] at age 2 years, compared with children from more educated and two-parent families, respectively.» (p. 3332) «[O]ur self-reported findings revealed long-term risks for developmental psychopathology. Moreover, save for social isolation, televiewing at age 13 years also showed additional concurrent risks for social impairment. This suggests independent dose–response associations operating over the lifetime of the participants. Approximately every additional daily hour of televiewing at age 2 years predicted an increased risk of later victimization and socially isolative behavior. […] Approximately every additional 1 h of early childhood television exposure at age 2 years also forecasted an increased risk of engaging in deception, theft, vandalism, and threatening and instilling fear on others, and encouraging social exclusion of others as an aggressive means of social domination.» (p. 3333-3334) «Our findings thus suggest a need for better parental awareness of how young children invest their time in what remains of their 24-h day.» (p. 3335)
Intentions : «This thesis examines the social reaction to PCP through an analysis of the national news. [It] traces the roots of public attention to the PCP issue and the evolution of PCP’s cultural image.» (p. iii)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The primary sources used in the research of this thesis include examples of newspaper, periodical, and television news coverage. The newspaper reporting is the best represented of these three [with] 650 articles that mentioned PCP between 1969 and 1986 […] I [also] studied ten articles from periodical magazines [and] I examined six television newscasts on PCP […]. Finally, I analyzed one made-for-TV documentary on PCP, entitled Angel Death.» (p. 4)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu Réflexion critique
«The first section focuses on the dramatic media representations of PCP as a cause of violence and madness in its users. I argue that despite the sympathetic manner in which PCP users were often portrayed, media depictions of crazed and violent users dehumanized their subjects and contributed to a stigmatization, not so much of drug use, but of madness. The second section focuses on media images of youth PCP use. Situating the PCP issue in the context of shifting American attitudes to drugs, I argue that images of young PCP users as victims contributed to the re-emergence in the late-1970s of a pervasive intolerance of drug use.» (p. iii) Ce mémoire met en lumière les réactions parentales par rapport à la consommation de PCP. Deux réactions principales ressortent: l’une vise à entourer son enfant d’amour en axant l’intervention autour de la discussion; la deuxième cherche à accroître le contrôle sur le jeune en prévoyant notamment de sévères réprimandes.