Black Students and High School Completion in Quebec and Ontario: A Multivariate Analysis
Référence bibliographique 
Livingstone, Anne-Marie et Weinfeld, Morton. 2017. «Black Students and High School Completion in Quebec and Ontario: A Multivariate Analysis ». Revue canadienne de sociologie / Canadian Review of Sociology, vol. 54, no 2, p. 174-197.
Intentions : «The aim is to explore the factors that explain why some black students graduate on time while others are delayed or dropout. The study compares the rate of high school completion of black students who were 18 to 19 years of age and living at home in 2006 with similar groups of white and other racial minority students. [...] The present paper investigates the implications of racial disparitiesin income and family structure for the high school completion of blackyouth in Quebec and Ontario, because that is where the majority of thesechildren live.» (p. 176)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The data for the study are taken from the individuals’ file of the 2006 Census “Public Use Micro-Data File” […].» (p. 181)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«The findings of the study reveal that in the two provinces, household income and family structure both play a significant role in determining whether or not black students and all other students will graduate from high school by the age of 18 to 19 years. The gap in high school completion between black and white students was modest and nonsignificant to begin with in Quebec; when income, family structure, gender, and residence in a CMA [Census Metropolitan Area] were entered into the regression, the numerical difference was erased. In Ontario, the black/white gap was relatively larger and statistically significant in the main effects model, though the addition of the control variables brought the gap close to zero. The single divergence between the two provinces rests in the effect of language, or speaking a “nonofficial language at home,” which was statistically significant in Ontario and not in Quebec.» (p. 191)
Intentions : «This thesis reviews the historical and contextual nature of beauty amongst women of African descent and the Diasporain the works of Patricia Hill Collins, bell hooks [Gloria Jean Watkins], Malcolm X, W.E.B DuBois and many others on such topics as skin color, hair texture, health, body image and racism.» The author wants to «[…] determine the continuing salience of these issues in the lives of Black women.» (p. iii)
Questions/Hypothèses : The research question posed by the author is: «What individual social constructs of a ’Black’ identity have been acquired and integrated?» (p. 36)
Échantillon/Matériau : The sample of this study is composed of «[…] ten second generation African (Black) Canadians.» (p. iii)
Instruments : -Questionnaire -Guide d’entretien
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
«The concept of beauty is a prime value in North American culture yet the feminine beauty ideal has conventionally been associated with the White population, causing a dichotomy of norms between Whites and non-Whites. [...] The qualitative data is rich but the most striking finding is that the women do not express the dichotomy between Black and White aesthetics as strongly as the American and British data would suggest. The intersubjective nature of the Black Canadian female experience highlighted a fragmented awareness of interracial and intraracial discrimination that shaped their self-identity and position in society, additionally their definition of beauty, valuing internal qualities such as intelligence and undervaluing qualities related to physical appearance. The interview data indicated that there was minimal racialization of attitudes on health and body aesthetics, and minimal emphasis on Afrocentric traits. Discussions on phenotypes like hair texture and skin color demonstrated the confusion that exists in rationalizing the use of racialized terminology. The majority of respondents indicated mild concerns over their body based on the Body Shape Questionnaire and healthy self-esteem on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.» (p. iii) In this research, family is an important dimension in the construction of identity and representation of the beauty.