Technology vs. The Family: The Effects of The Popularization of Technology On Residential Floor Plans Of The Twentieth Century [North America]
Référence bibliographique 
Lewis, Danielle. 2012. «Technology vs. The Family: The Effects of The Popularization of Technology On Residential Floor Plans Of The Twentieth Century [North America]». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département d’histoire de l’art.
Intentions : «This thesis proposes to examine the correlation between the ever-evolving technologies of the twentieth century and the shifts in spatial distribution in the residential architecture that may result from their introduction into North American middle-class homes. I will investigate the cause-and-effect relationship between these new forms of technological in-home entertainment, their impact on the lifestyles of the middle-class North American families who consume them, and the resulting demands reflected in the residential architecture that develops over the course of the century.» (p. iii)
Échantillon/Matériau : Données documentaires diverses
Type de traitement des données : Réflexion critique
«The mid-century period shows us an enormous transition. Technology continued to boom, and the television set was introduced and became integrated into daily home life within the space of a decade. Unlike the radio, the television has the added dimension of the visual component. The formal parlour room of the turn of the century gives way to the more casual living room, a space where comfortable furniture can be found strategically placed in viewing distance of the television. We observe here an architectural shift in terms of how space is used and arranged in direct consequence to a new technology introduced to the domestic sphere. Finally, the end of the century gives way to households running multiple technological devices on a daily basis. The most notable addition to daily life is the personal computer. What distinguishes this device even more from the radio and the television is that this technology is used in a one-person-at-a-time manner. This device also coincides with the growth of bedroom sizes, indicating even further that emphasis is placed in the period on privacy, isolation and time spent alone in the home rather than together or engaged as a family unit.» (p. iii-iv)
Intentions : « The many material and nonmaterial artifacts from Montreal’s Expo ’67 exhibit varying concepts of childhood. In a series of short essays, I use individual artifacts as a means to study child-adult relationships. » (p. 2)
Échantillon/Matériau : - des « artefacts » de l’Expo ’67 : films, chansons, textes, souvenirs, espaces, etc. - quatre entrevues personnelles, articles, etc.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
« First, I research the depictions of children in film, song, and images. The paper then looks at objects such as postcards, passports, and other ephemeral objects created for Expo that were aimed towards children. The third part looks at spaces designed for children. These include the Children’s Creative Centre, La Ronde, the Youth Pavilion, and Children’s World. These ''artifacts'' viewed together elicit reoccurring themes. They include nationalism, the resource and potentiality of children, commodification and display of children, the myth of universal childhood, the boundary between child and adult, the islanding of children, and children’s agency. The conglomeration of artifacts in this paper will suggest a multifaceted view of children at Montreal’s Expo and describe the experience and cultural landscape of this specific time and place. » (p. 2)
Intentions : «The core purpose of the study is to verify and document the concept of multi-generational living in contemporary Iranian housing and to put forward the guidelines for future designs. » (p. 1) Also, « [t]he main objectives of the research are: 1. Verify the existing multi-generational dwelling as an alternative to affordable housing. 2. Analyze the accommodations in three multi-generational housing cases in Iran. 3. Draw up general design guidelines for new multi-generational housing or adapting the existing housing with this type of living arrangement. » (p. 19)
Questions/Hypothèses: « [...] the central question of this research is; [sic] How was a connection made between units and areas of contemporary Iranian dwellings to meet the space needs of multi-generational residents? » (p. 18)
Échantillon/Matériau : - Données documentaires diverses - Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu Analyse statistique
« Multi-generational housing consists of two or more self-contained units within one building to accommodate families living together while preserving their own independent life. There are two main factors that have encouraged families to choose this type of living arrangement. First, to increase the level of the social and economic status in Iran. Second, to explain the positive effects of multi-generational living on the demographic, social and economic aspects of today’s Iranian society. The question that then arises is whether or not multi-generational housing can provide suitable dwelling for its residents. […] The author found that despite families’ tendency to modern living arrangements in Iran, there are some those who have accepted the new concept of multi-generational living which has coincided with a families’ requirement and has adapted to today’s society. But it should be signified that different areas and different conditions need different accommodations and distribution of the spaces for multi-generational living in Iran. This type of living arrangement has a direct relation with the family structure, level of the three types of privacy in households, residents’ religion, families’ culture, economy and society. Providing design guidelines based on some common characters in accommodation and the distribution of spaces in this type of dwelling, will lead architects to design better in the future. » (p. i)