Wu, Zheng et Hart, Randy. 2002. «Union Disruption in Canada ». International Journal of Sociology, vol. 32, no 4, p. 51-75.
Intentions : Dans cet article, les auteurs étudient les tendances statistiques des séparations au sein des couples canadiens.
Questions/Hypothèses : «In the present study, we hypothesize that because of the different value system in Quebec, the rate of union dissolution there will be greater than elsewhere in Canada. […] We hypothesize that, as values, norms, and attitudes have changed over time, people of later birth cohorts may be more at risk of union dissolution than those born earlier.» (p. 55-56)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The data used in this study were obtained from the tenth cycle of the General Social Survey (GSS-95), conducted by Statistics Canada in 1995. The GSS-95 used a nationally representative sample of 10,749 people aged fifteen and older […].» (p. 57)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Our findings suggest that […] more and more Canadians have entered cohabitational relationships, either as a precursor or an alternative to married life. The dissolution of these unions may be as important to Canadian families as marital separation, especially when children are present. As cohabitations are often much shorter lived than marriages, fewer children may be experiencing an “intact” familial setting. […] In this study, we have seen that, although women’s employment outside the home does not appear to increase their risk of union dissolution, there is a positive association between their level of educational attainment and union disruption. [A]n increase in a woman’s market skills will decrease her gains realized through a union. Women’s union stability, however, is also influenced by other individual factors, such as a current pregnancy, the presence of young children, and childhood experiences. It is very likely, then, that the status of Canadian women’s marital and nonmarital unions involves a complex negotiation of their roles as workers, mothers, and spouses/partners.» (p. 72-73) Note that the study «shows that Quebec men have an increased risk of union disruption. Although the risk for Quebec women is nonsignificant […]. This is consistent with what we had expected, as Quebeckers’ attitudes toward marriage appear to be different from those of other Canadians […]. Overall, nonmarital unions in Quebec are more stable than they are in the rest of Canada […].» (p. 71)