Maternites et identites: Representations of motherhood and national identity in literary texts of Quebec
Référence bibliographique 
Linz, Rebecca. 2013. «Maternites et identites: Representations of motherhood and national identity in literary texts of Quebec». Thèse de doctorat, New York, University of New York, Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures.
Intentions : «In this dissertation, I analyze the depiction of the mother figure in a selection of Québécois texts spanning from 1916 (Maria Chapdelaine by Louis Hémon) to 2008 (Le Ciel de Bay City by Catherine Mavrikakis). […] Througout the nearly century-long span of the literature in this study, I observe how the mother evolves from a martyred ’guardian of the hearth’ who upholds religious and domestic duties to various depictions of maternal (and frequently anti-maternal) women.» (p. iii)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’auteure utilise 29 œuvres de la littérature québécoise du XXe siècle.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse littéraire
«These myriad ‘maternités et identités’ reflect what is happening within Quebec either at the time each text was written or when the story takes place. I argue that the literary mother represents not only the domestic sphere in which she plays a central role but also social and political changes within Quebec. For example, cruel mothers are used as a subversive tool to critique both traditional gender roles and governmental and religious oppression during the grande noirceur period. Québécois authors such as Marie-Célie Agnant, Lori Saint-Martin, Ying Chen and Mavrikakis present texts from multicultural perspectives that reveal discrimination and injustices on a global scale. In every text studied here, the authors privilege mother-child relationships significantly more than those between the mother and her spouse. These mother-child relationships reveal the important influence mothers have upon their offspring and the desire children have to cultivate close relationships with their mothers, regardless of their mothers’ degree of affection. The authors included here rarely present the mother’s point of view (the protagonists being most frequently the children), and oftentimes she plays what appears to be a minor role in a given text. This lack of centrality, however, belies her compelling significance.» (p. iii-iv)