Pervasive Developmental Disorder in the Children of Immigrant Parents: Comparison of Different Assessment Instruments
Référence bibliographique 
Ponde, Milena Pereira, Rousseau, Cécile et Costa Carlos, Marco Antônio. 2013. «Pervasive Developmental Disorder in the Children of Immigrant Parents: Comparison of Different Assessment Instruments ». Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria, vol. 71, no 11, p. 877-882.
Intentions : «The objective of the present study is to describe how the CARS [(Childhood Autism Rating Scale)] performs in relation to the ADOS [(Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule)] and to clinical diagnosis reached in accordance with the criteria defined by the DSM-IV [(Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition)] in a population of children of immigrants with a suspected diagnosis of some form of PDD [(Pervasive Developmental Disorder)]. A secondary objective is to propose, if appropriate, a CARS cut-off point that would provide a diagnosis of PDD, including PDD-NOS [(Pervasive Developmental Disorder – not otherwise specified)] and Asperger syndrome, for an immigrant population.» (p. 877)
Échantillon/Matériau : «Montreal is a multi-ethnic city that receives large numbers of immigrants from very diverse backgrounds. More than 53% of children in the metropolitan area are first- or second-generation immigrants. The target population consisted of the children of immigrant parents, who had been referred to that primary care facility on Account of autistic traits. […] 49 children were included in the present study.» (p. 877)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Comparison of the diagnoses obtained by the ADOS with those obtained using the DSM-IV-RT criteria showed almost total agreement between these two diagnostic methods. […] Using the DSM-IV-RT, children diagnosed as having an autism spectrum disorder, PDD-NOS or Asperger syndrome were considered to have a positive diagnosis of PDD; patients diagnosed with a language disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those who were not classified as having any of the disorders described in the DSM-IV-RT were considered negative for PDD. […] The children diagnosed with autism or an autism spectrum disorder in accordance with the ADOS were considered positive for PDD, whereas those diagnosed as non-autistic by the ADOS were considered negative for PDD.» (p. 880) À la lumière de leurs recherches, les auteurs constatent que «the results of the present study suggest that the standard diagnostic instruments for autism spectrum disorders are well adapted for use with the children of immigrant parents, even for those who immigrated less than five years earlier.» (p. 881)