Canadian Children and Youth in Care: The Cost of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Référence bibliographique 
Popova, Svetlana, Lange, Shannon, Burd, Larry et Rehm, Jürgen. 2014. «Canadian Children and Youth in Care: The Cost of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder ». Child and Youth Care Forum, vol. 43, no 1, p. 83-96.
Intentions : «The current study was designed to: (1) estimate the number of children in care with [fetal alcohol spectrum disorder] (FASD) by age group, gender, and province/territory and (2) estimate the associated cost of children in care with FASD in Canada in 2011.» (p. 86)
Questions/Hypothèses : «It was hypothesized, based on the current Canadian and international literature, that the prevalence of children in care with FASD is likely higher than in the general population and thus, the economic cost associated with children in care with FASD in Canada is considerable.» (p. 86)
Échantillon/Matériau : «The current study was a modeling study using secondary data [Canadian Child Welfare Research Portal]» (p. 86)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Children who are placed in care often are due to a number of unfavourable circumstances, such as, parental and/or drug problems, child abuse and/or neglect, child abandonment, and young maternal age. Such circumstances are likely to increase the likelihood that a child was exposed to alcohol in utero (Burd et al. 2011; Herrick et al. 2011). Thus, the risk of FASD in this population is likely to be high.» (p. 84). Les auteurs concluent donc que «[d]espite the fact that the cost for children in care with FASD is substantial, it is likely that it is still underestimated for the following reasons. Firstly, raising children with FASD is a challenging undertaking, one that many foster parents may not be fully prepared for. For this reason, caregivers may choose to put a child with FASD back into provincial/ territorial custody, necessitating another foster family placement, which may be associated with additional costs. Secondly, fostering children with FASD requires special considerations, such as training for both staff and foster parents, which is also likely to result in additional costs.» (p. 91)