The Illusion of Incompetence and its Correlates Among Elementary School Children and their Parents
Référence bibliographique 
Bouffard, Thérèse, Boisvert, Martine et Vezeau, Carole. 2002. «The Illusion of Incompetence and its Correlates Among Elementary School Children and their Parents ». Learning and Individual Differences, vol. 14, no 1, p. 21-46.
Intentions : « The general objective of this study was to examine the illusion of incompetence phenomenon in students from elementary school. Specifically, it was devoted to examine whether or not children’s illusion of incompetence is related to other components of their motivational system and to school achievement. It was also intended to provide some information on parents’ behaviors and reactions related to their child’s performance. » (p. 31)
Échantillon/Matériau : « One hundred and thirty-three children at Grade 3 (63 boys and 70 girls, mean age=9 years 3 months, S.D.=5.4 months) and 166 children at Grade 5 (74 boys and 92 girls; mean age=11 years 2 months, S.D.=5.1 months) were recruited from 10 different public schools in the Montreal area. All children were French speaking. In order to participate, either the child’s father or mother had to agree to fill out various assessments about themselves and about their child. Among parents, 22 fathers and 111 mothers of children at Grade 3 and 37 fathers and 139 mothers of children at Grade 5 completed the questionnaires. » (p. 34)
Instruments : - French version of the Mental Ability Test (Otis & Lennon, 1967, 1971); - Questionnaire (Harter, 1985b); - The Scholastic subscale of the Self-Perception Profile for Children (Harter, 1982, 1985b); - A 10-item questionnaire combining questions adapted from various instruments (Paris & Oka, 1986; Harter, 1982; Skinner, Chapman, & Baltes, 1988); - An eight-item questionnaire (Bordeleau (2000); - 11-item questionnaire adapted from two subscales of the « Young Children’s School Intrinsic Motivation Inventory » (Gottfried, 1990); - Four items were developed to assess the sense of pride children get from their results in mathematics (« Most of the time, I am proud of myself in mathematics ») and three items to assess their attitude about effort (« I work hard to have the best results I can in mathematics »); - The questionnaire about practices and behaviors was inspired by diverse instruments (Gottfried, Fleming, & Gottfried, 1994; Grolnick & Slowiaczek, 1994); - Parents’ perception of the child’s competence was assessed using the two items (Alexander and Entwisle, 1988).
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
Résumé « This study investigates several characteristics of children affected by an illusion of incompetence along with their parents’ behaviors and reactions related to their child’s performance. One hundred and thirty-three children at Grade 3 and 166 children at Grade 5 from public schools participated. At Grade 3, children affected by an illusion of incompetence reported lower intrinsic motivation and less pride of their results, more negative attitudes toward effort, but still succeeded as well as the others. At Grade 5, these children presented a much more deteriorated pattern of motivation, and their academic performance was much lower than their classmates. Little difference was observed among parents. However, parents of children characterized by an illusion of incompetence reported providing lower level of positive attention and interest to their child. Findings of this study suggest that the cost of the illusion of incompetence on children’s functioning and achievement increases with age and school level. » (p. 31)