Personal Strengths and Traumatic Experiences Among Institutionalized Children Given Up at Birth (les enfants de Duplessis - Duplessis’ children). II: Adaptation in Late Adulthood
Référence bibliographique 
Perry, Christopher J., Sigal, John J., Boucher, Sophie, Pare, Nikolas, Ouimet, Marie Claude, Normand, Julie et Henry, Melissa. 2005. «Personal Strengths and Traumatic Experiences Among Institutionalized Children Given Up at Birth (les enfants de Duplessis - Duplessis’ children). II: Adaptation in Late Adulthood ». Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 193, no 12, p. 783-789.
Intentions : « In a companion article, we retrospectively examined the childhood strengths and adverse experiences of a group of orphans given up at or near birth and raised in Quebec institutions. This article examines the relationship of their early experiences to functioning and symptoms in later adulthood. » (tiré de l’article, numéro de page non disponible)
Échantillon/Matériau : - « 81 French-speaking adults (41 women, 40 men) who were placed in orphanages before the age of 4 years [...]; - Structured and semistructured interviews. » (tiré de l’article, numéro de page non disponible)
Instruments : - The Traumatic and Protective Antecedents Interview (TPAI); - The Social and Occupational Functioning Scale (SOFAS); - This self-report measure - Defense Mechanism Rating Scales (DMRS) - Overall Defensive Functioning (ODF)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« A high prevalence of childhood trauma and adverse experiences in these institutions was reported retrospectively by this group of orphans. Overall, the group had moderate impairment in social and occupational functioning assessed in mid to late adulthood. The subsequent associations between these early experiences and adult social and occupational functioning, defensive functioning, and symptoms of distress were moderated by childhood strengths. In the presence of few childhood strengths, trauma appeared to have had a major negative impact on subsequent mid to late adult outcome. This negative impact was mitigated to some extent in the presence of higher childhood strengths. Institutionalization of children - if unavoidable - should foster children’s strengths and build in effective safeguards against traumatic experiences, especially among those with few personal strengths. » (tiré de l’article, numéro de page non disponible)
Maternal Preoccupation and Parenting as Predictors of Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children of Women with Breast Cancer
Référence bibliographique 
Sigal, John J., Perry, Christopher J., Robbins, James M., Gagné, Marie-Anik et Nassif, Edgard. 2003. «Maternal Preoccupation and Parenting as Predictors of Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children of Women with Breast Cancer ». Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 21, no 6, p. 1155-1160.
Intentions : « This study was designed to examine the hypothesis that physically ill mothers’ preoccupation with their illness and their parenting behavior can result in psychologic disturbances in their children. » (p. 1158) Questions/Hypothèses : « [...] [W]e hypothesize that children of the less ill mothers with breast cancer will have fewer psychologic symptoms than children of sicker mothers and that the severity of children’s psychologic symptoms will be directly proportional to the degree of their mothers’ preoccupation with their illness and the quality of their parenting. » (p. 1156)
Échantillon/Matériau : 87 femmes atteintes le cancer du sein (entre 35-55 ans)
Instruments : - The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL); - the Self-Perception Profile for Children; - the Impact of Events Scale (IES); - the Cognitive Intrusive Questionnaire (CIQ); - the Parent’s Report Questionnaire (PRQ) Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that differences between sicker and not-so-sick women in their preoccupation with their illness and parenting behavior can explain why some investigators find that children of breast cancer patients fare better than controls and other investigators find the reverse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-two women with metastasized breast cancer (sicker mothers) and 45 women with a first occurrence of nonmetastasized breast cancer (not-so-sick mothers) rated the degree of their preoccupation with the disease, their parenting behavior, mood, and social supports and the emotional and behavioral symptoms in one of their children. Their 12- to 18-year-old children rated their mothers’ parenting behavior, their own emotional and behavioral symptoms, and their self-esteem. RESULTS: Sicker mothers reported relatively less preoccupation. They, and their children, reported less poor parenting and fewer externalizing symptoms in the children. Regression analyses revealed further differences between the groups. CONCLUSION: Less preoccupation with their illness and less poor parenting behavior by sicker mothers may explain why their children seem to fare better then those of not-so-sick mothers. Formulations concerning families of breast cancer patients should include consideration of the effect of the mothers’ perception of the severity of their illness. » (p. 1155)