Chilling Childhoods in Québec: Léolo and L’Avalée des avalés
Référence bibliographique 
Browning, Will. 2006. «Chilling Childhoods in Québec: Léolo and L’Avalée des avalés ». The French review, vol. 79, no 3, p. 561-569.
Intentions : « It is the accumulating violence in L’Avalée des avalés – the outrageous and outraged rebellion of the precocious Bérénice Einberg, who grows up in a dysfunctional family of her own – that I shall examine with reference to the growing-up madness in Léolo. » (p. 561)
Échantillon/Matériau : - « Léolo, a Canadian film produced in 1992 [by Jean-Claude Lauzon]. » - « L’Avalée des avalés by Réjean Ducharme, published by Gallimard in 1966. »
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
« The intimate ties between these two Québécois works, a novel of the 1960s and a film of the 1990s that is set in the fifties and sixties, are woven into the fabric of the film itself. Ducharme’s novel is visually inscribed within Lauzon’s film. […] In the novel, Bérénice’s violence is expressed as a homicidal explosion, whereas in the film, Léo’s violence ultimately takes the form of a suicidal implosion. These are not Bildungsromane, stories of psychological formation and moral education, but rather a kind of ’Unförmigkeitsromane’, stories of sadly misshapen youth and moral degeneration. When Léo, late at night, begins to read Ducharme’s novel by the light of the refrigerator, it is hardly just any intellectual midnight snack. Fundamentally, Léo has discovered – or, one might say, inherited from his friend and mentor, the Word Tamer (Le Dompteur de vers) – a blueprint for a bomb that holds both the promise of liberation from his schizophrenic family, and the danger of his own catastrophic emotional implosion. » (p. 561)