Intentions : « This project is designed to investigate the link between different aspects of the parent-adolescent’s relationship and suicidal behavior in youth. The objective of this project is to examine diverse family characteristics of Quebec suicidal adolescents and examine any possible patterns of parental practices related to two types of suicidal behavior, attempts and ideations. » (p. 48)
Questions/Hypothèses: The study proposes five hypotheses: « [...] 1. Emotional bonding: The first hypothesis is that a low level of parent-child emotional bonding and affection and a higher feeling of rejection by the adolescents will be associated with an increased risk of suicidal behavior in adolescence. 2. Control: A low level of behavioral control and a high level of parental psychological control perceived by adolescents as well as a low level of parental tolerance towards friends will be associated with elevated risk of suicidal behavior in adolescents. 3. Conflicts: A high frequency of parent-child conflict and a high level of negative emotional impact of those conflicts on the adolescents will be associated with youth suicidal behavior. 4. Family Structure: The fourth hypothesis is about the impact of family structure on adolescents’ suicide. The hypothesis is that adolescents from non-intact families have a more elevated rate of suicide behavior than those who live in intact families. 5. Gender: The literature has clearly indicated that female adolescents have a higher rate of suicidal thoughts and attempts compared to male adolescents. So the fifth hypothesis is that a higher rate of suicidal ideations and suicide attempts will be found in girls. » (p. 50-51)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’étude se base sur un échantillon de 1256 élèves de secondaire 1 à 3 (609 garçons et 647 filles) de deux écoles francophones de Montréal.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« This thesis explores the relationship between the risk of suicidal behaviour in adolescents and their perception of parental practices used in their families. This study is primarily aimed at investigating the association between suicidal behavior in a Montreal sample of adolescents and several aspects of their parents’ parental practices including parent-child bonding, parental psychological and behavioral control, and parent-adolescent conflict. The second goal of this thesis was to examine the effect of parents’ marital status on adolescents’ suicidal behavior. The final objective of this study was to explore the link between gender difference and vulnerability to suicidal behavior in adolescents. » (p. i)