Intentions : This «[...] article examines how the propensity to form unions (marriage or common-law) has changed for women aged 25 to 49 with a university degree and those without. It also compares the likelihood of female university graduates forming unions with similarly educated males in 2006 with the likelihood in 1981 [...].» (p. 68)
Questions/Hypothèses : The authors have two main questions: «Are women with a university degree still, as they were 25 years ago, less likely to be married than women without a university degree? When these women are married or in a common-law relationship, are they more likely than before to be living with a man who is also a university graduate?» (p. 68)
Échantillon/Matériau : «This study is based on data from the 1981 to 2006 Censuses of Population. The analysis focuses on women from 25 to 49 years of age, since most Canadian women have completed their education by the age of 25, and since the proportion of Canadian women in unions levels out at the age of 49.» (p. 69)
Instruments : Questionnaire
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
«Women have made substantial gains in education over the last few decades and are now more likely to have a university degree than men. In 2006, for every 100 women aged 25 to 49 with a university degree, there were 84 men with the same level of education. The corresponding ratio in 1981 was 157 men for every 100 women. Over the last quarter-century, the conjugal situation of female university graduates has changed considerably. In 2006, women aged 25 to 49 with a university degree were more likely to be married than other women (57% and 53% respectively). In 1981, the opposite was true: 65% of women with a university degree were married, compared with 76% of less-educated women. The majority of women with a university education marry men who also have a university education. This tendency has decreased slightly over the last quarter-century. The pattern is similar for women in common-law unions. In contrast, men with a university degree are increasingly likely to be married to or in a common-law union with a woman who also has a university degree.» (p. 72) Note that the reader will find some specification on the situation in the province of Quebec.