Factors Associated with the Motivation to Use Psychoactive Substances and the Motivation to Change in Adolescents in an Authoritarian Context
Référence bibliographique 
Orsi, Mylene Magrinelli, Brochu, Serge, Lafortune, Denis et Patenaude, Catherine. 2014. «Factors Associated with the Motivation to Use Psychoactive Substances and the Motivation to Change in Adolescents in an Authoritarian Context ». Children & Youth Services Review, vol. 39, p. 11-19.
Intentions : «The present study was […] undertaken to identify the factors that youth placed in an authoritarian context associate with their motivation to use psychoactive substances and with their motivation to change substance use behavior.» (p. 13)
Échantillon/Matériau : The sample contains 27 «adolescents placed in five residential rehabilitation units of the Centre jeunesse de Montréal (CJM).» (p. 14)
Instruments : Guide d’entretien semi-directif
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
«The general conclusion of this study is that participants—who found themselves in an authoritarian setting, and were, for the most part, multiple-substance users—exhibited motivations that were extremely dynamic and variable (as a function of context, circumstances, substance, and emotional state). This complexity remains even after taking into account their motivations to change, as these also depend on the substance and on the context (the controlled environments of the CJs [centres jeunesse] considerably diminishes the opportunity and ease of obtaining PASs [psychoactive substances] while in placement). Interestingly, the intensity of counseling did not influence the participants’ narratives. Thus, the perception of counseling appears to be at least as important as objective control strategies in explaining the role of constraints on the motivation to change.» (p. 17) «The role of family relationships on adolescents’ motivation to change PAS use has been particularly extensively studied. Although parents play an important role in young people’s substance use behavior, the nature of this role remains unclear. [...] In the present study, parents appear to have played a positive role, regardless of whether or not they themselves used—by eliciting feelings of guilt, threatening punishment, acting as models by reducing their own substance use, or acting as counter-models. In the same vein, adolescents’ abstention, motivation to change substance use behavior» (p. 17)