Non-Standard Work and Child Care in Canada: A Challenge for Parents, Policy Makers, and Child Care Provision
Référence bibliographique 
Lero, Donna S., Prentice, Susan, Friendly, Martha, Richardson, Brooke et Fraser, Ley. 2019. Non-Standard Work and Child Care in Canada: A Challenge for Parents, Policy Makers, and Child Care Provision. Toronto (Ontario): Université de Toronto, Childcare Resource and Research Unit; Université de Guelph.
Intentions : «This research report describes and contextualizes the challenges experienced by 1.5 million Canadian parents of preschool-aged children who work non-standard hours. It proposes a broad range of recommendations to promote stable, high quality child care to meet their needs.» (p. i) This report is constituted of 7 chapters, but only chapter five and six will be summarized in Famili@. Chapter five, «presents the results of an environmental scan [authors] conducted to gather relevant information about regulated non-standard hours child care in Canada.» (p. 80) In chapter six, they «present seven profiles of non-standard hours child care services. [The] goal is to inform policy and practice by illustrating the factors that affect the initiation, provision, and sustainability of these services.» (p. 112)
Échantillon/Matériau : For chapter five, the environmental scan included a «review of the bilateral agreements between each province/territory and the Government of Canada under the 2017 Multilateral Framework Agreement on Early Learning and Child Care; [a]n online review of provincial/territorial policies, regulations, funding, and publicly available information such as online search tools that could positively or negatively affect the provision and use of non-standard hours child care; [a] questionnaire sent to child care officials responsible for early learning and child care in each province/territory [and an] online search of regulated child care services in each province/territory using available tools to determine the extent to which non-standard hours child care is provided, to identify specific examples of non-standard hours services, and to assess the usability of the tools that parents can use to seek non-standard hours child care.» (p. 80-81) For chapter six, 7 child care services across Canada were profiled. One of them was the Centre de la petite enfance (CPE) les casinours at Montréal, Quebec. For each child care centers recruited, we «we contacted several key informants who had direct knowledge of the project. All the key informants we contacted agreed to participate in the project and we conducted semi-structured telephone interviews with each of them for approximately one hour.» (p. 113)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique Analyse de contenu
The report «has identified several new “takeaways” or useful learnings from the five research approaches we employed. Some of these have practical potential for policy action, further research, data collection and analysis, and debate.» (p. xi) According to results from chapter five, none «of Canada’s 13 provinces and territories have a comprehensive policy or program to ensure access to non-standard hours child care […]. Provinces/territories primarily rely on private non-profit and for-profit child care providers to meet the demand for both standard and non-standard hours child care.» (p. 81) Moreover, results show that Quebec is «the only province/territory that was not required to develop an Action Plan under the MFA [Multilateral Framework Agreement]. The discrepancy between the initiatives reported by Nova Scotia and Québec and the Action Plans reported by PEI [Prince Edward Island] and Alberta may be due to how actions are specified in the Action Plan. The actions in the Action Plan can vary in scale and may or may not be specific initiatives.» (p. 85) Furthermore, the «definitions of seven jurisdictions specify the hours of the day or days of the week in various ways. Other jurisdictions include the number of consecutive hours a child may be in child care in their definition, and two jurisdictions define several distinct categories of non-standard hours child care. Québec, for example, uses five categories in its definition of ''special child care''.» (p. 89) Otherwise, in chapter six, most «of the services we profiled have had considerable longevity, although the nonstandard hours component of the PEI seasonal initiative is very new.» (p. 138) For example, «Centre de la petite enfance les casinours was originally developed as part of a Québec pilot project on non-standard hours child care that began in 2000. The project included 10 centres de la petite enfance (CPEs, or non-profit child care centres) that were, in certain situations, allowed to operate outside the regulations and received additional funding.» (p. 128) «Today CPE les casinours serves Casino de Montreal employees, employees of Loto-Québec, and parents in Montreal’s Sud-Ouest community. It continues to be located in its original location five kilometers, or a nine-minute drive, from the Casino. A shuttle bus continues to transport parents who are Casino employees between the CPE and their workplace.» (p. 129)