Auger, Nathalie, Racape, Judith, Raynault, Marie-France, Bilodeau-Bertrand, Marianne, Lee, Ga Eun et Janevic, Teresa. 2020. «Stillbirth Among Arab Women in Canada, 1981-2015 ». Public Health Reports, vol. 135, no 2, p. 245-252.
Intentions : «The primary objective of our study was to investigate differences in stillbirth rates between women who speak Arabic and women who speak other languages in Quebec. A secondary objective was to identify the causes of fetal death that could be targeted for mortality reduction.» (p. 246)
Échantillon/Matériau : The authors «conducted a population-based study of 2 979 449 live births and 13 452 stillbirths by using data that were directly available on birth and stillbirth registration certificates in Quebec from 1981 through 2015.» (p. 246)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
The results show that of «13 452 stillbirths in the study, 283 (2.1%) were among women with Arabic mother tongue, 229 (1.7%) were among fathers with Arabic mother tongue, and 181 (1.3%) were among parents with Arabic home language. The percentage of stillbirths among women with Arabic mother tongue rose steadily during the study period, increasing from 0.4% of stillbirths during 1981-1989 to 4.1% of stillbirths during 2007-2015 […]. Similarly, the percentage of live births to Arabic speakers increased substantially during the study period, from 0.6% of live births during 1981-1989 to 4.6% of live births during 2007-2015. Arabic speakers had lower stillbirth rates at most time points than French or English speakers; however, the gap was greater during 1981-1989 than during 2007-2015. The gap narrowed over time because of a slight increase in the stillbirth rate among women with Arabic mother tongue and a decrease in the stillbirth rate among women with French or English mother tongue. Stillbirth rates per 1000 total births were 3.89 for maternal Arabic mother tongue, 3.77 for paternal Arabic mother tongue, and 4.93 for Arabic home language […]. Women with French or English mother tongue had a stillbirth rate of 4.52 per 1000 total births.» (p. 247)