Intentions : Comparer le taux de fécondité entre des francophones et des anglophones à Montréal.
Questions/Hypothèses : « Francophone Quebec is another example of an enclave majority, but in a very different relationship with its neighbours. How are these relations be reflected, if at all, in the level of fertility? » (p. 379)
Échantillon/Matériau : L’auteur a utilisé les recensement de 1991 pour recueillir ses données. « Fertility In the absence of data concerning recent births by EA [ Enumeration Areas], the fertility of the population of each EA was estimated by dividing the number of children aged 0-4 by the number of women in the childbearing ages (20-49). These are children born, on average, 2.5 years previously, to women who were then aged 17.5-47.5. In order to account for varying age distribution of the women, and the possible effects this might have on the measure of fertility, the number of women in each age group was weighted by thier relative fecunditty in a natural fertility regime (Chernichovsky & Anson 1996) using the following values (the weights were calculated from Wilson et al.’s (1988) data on natural fertility schedules) » (p. 384) « Social Characteristics Individuals may be characterised by the specific language they speak, their level of education, occupation, income, and other such characteristics. » (p. 386)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« Forty years ago, on the eve of the Revolution Tranquille, Québécois fertility was among the highest in North America. Today it is among the lowest. This paper analyses fertility in Quebec in terms of the minority group hypotheses, interpreting its low level as the class action of a minority group struggling to define its national, Francophone identity, within an Anglophone ambience. Québécois nationalism specifies Quebec as a unique reality in an Anglophone North America, and looks to the Province to create and maintain the conditions for this uniqueness to express itself. Nonetheless, the Francophone population, and in particular the middle class of entrepreneurs and government officials, remains in the classic position of a disadvantaged minority, which expresses itself in lowered Québécois fertility. This analysis focuses on fertility in census enumeration districts in Montreal, as recorded at the 1991census, contrasting Francophone with Anglophone and other areas, at various levels of education and income. » (p. 377)