Davies, Linda, McKinnon, Margaret et Rains, Prue. 2001. «Creating a Family: Perspectives from Teen Mothers ». Journal of Progressive Human Services, vol. 12, no 1, p. 83-100.
Intentions : « We will examine their (teen mothers) considerations in relation to issues around birth control, pregnancy, and creating a family. We will also explore how agencies working with this population might be informated by these considerations. » (p. 85)
Échantillon/Matériau : 31 mères adolescentes provenant de deux centres : Albany Teen Center et Linden Place Young Parents Program. Elles viennent de milieux défavorisés et sont d’origines ethniques variées.
Instruments : Guide d’entretien semi-directif et observation participante faites par un professionnel de recherche. Les entrevues portent sur « l’histoire de la mère», soit sa grossesse et ses conséquences, sa relation avec le père de l’enfant, sa relation avec sa famille et ses plans pour le futur. Les entrevues sont vidéoenregistrées et transcrites afin d’être codées à l’aide du logiciel Folioviews Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
« The dominant discourse around teen pregnancy and mothering sees it as a mistake and those who opt for it as misguided, reckless, and ill prepared. Yet few studies actually examine the considerations of young mothers themselves. Drawing on data from interviews with young women, we examine their considerations around getting pregnant, choosing motherhood, and negotiating new family patterns. We argue that, far from seeing the conception and birth of their child(ren) as an error, these young women often welcomed their pregnancies and were actively engaged in negotiations with boyfriends, fathers of their children, their own families, and their boyfriends’ families to create support structures for themselves and their children. We examine some of the implications for practice that acknowledges and respects the young women’s choices around sexuality and reproduction. » (p. 83)
Taking Responsability: An Insider View of Teen Motherhood
Référence bibliographique 
Rains, Prue, Davies, Linda et McKinnon, Margaret. 1998. «Taking Responsability: An Insider View of Teen Motherhood ». Families in Society, vol. 79, no 3, p. 308-319.
Intentions : «We examine how the issue of responsibility arose for teen mothers in the context of their considerations about: (a) their relationship with the father of their child, (b) motherhood and support from their families, and (c) work and welfare. » (p. 309)
Échantillon/Matériau : 16 mothers: 9 were teen mothers who gave birth to their first child when they were younger than twenty years old; 4 mothers were younger than eighteen years when they gave birth. The others were older than twenty when they gave birth.
Instruments : Semistructured Interviews
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
« The issue of responsability looms large in the public discourse about teen mothers themselves. This article draws on exploratory interviews with teen mothers to contrast their inside with outsider views about what taking responsability for the baby entails, to show the context in which their view make sense, and to argue that outsider views be revised to take into account these insider considerations. Outsiders recommend measures to hold fathers financially accountable for their children, to make teen mothers live with a parent, and to make teens mothers work rather than assistance from welfare. From the perspective of teen mothers, however, taking responsability for the baby often means avoiding rather than seeking financial dependance on unreliable fathers of the baby, claiming rather than delegating their role as mothers, and staying on welfare rather than working at an unreliable job. » (p. 308)
Davies, Linda et Rains, Prue. 1995. «Single mothers by choice? ». Families in Society, vol. 76, no 9, p. 543-540.
Intentions : This article explores the contexts in which older unmarried women desire to have a baby on their own.
Échantillon/Matériau : 8 women were interviewed. The one- to two - hour interviews were taped, transcribed, and coded by theme.
Type de traitement des données : Analyse de contenu
« The authors conducted exploratory interviews with eight older single mothers. Results suggested that current media representation of ’single mothers by choice’ may oversimplify the experience of many women by ignoring the context of gender relations within which both women and men’s decision regarding contraception, pregnancy, and parenthood ’produce’ single motherhood. » (p. 543) « Regarding the issue of parental involvement, after these women decided to have the baby, the men faced a choice about their own involvement with the child. All of the women offered the fathers an opportunity to become involved and, for the most part, they refused. The men seemed to regard involvement with the child as a ’package deal’ whereas women desired a relationship with the father for the sake of their children, not for themselves. » (p. 550) « The blithe media presentation of ’single motherhood by choice’ as a newfound freedom for women may describe the situation of some women like those interviewed here. In fact, for these women, it might be more acurate to say that in choosing to go ahead with a pregnancy, these women became single mother by default. » (p. 550)