Parental Job Loss and the Education Enrollment of Youth
Référence bibliographique 
Coelli, Michael B. 2011. «Parental Job Loss and the Education Enrollment of Youth ». Labour Economics, vol. 18, no 1, p. 25-35.
Intentions : « This paper investigates one particular pathway by which parental job loss may affect the subsequent earnings of children: via lower levels of education attainment. Specifically, the paper investigates the effect of parental job loss when youth are 16 to 18 years old on enrollment in university and community college in the 2 years after high school. » (p. 25)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The majority of information employed in the analysis was taken from the Canadian Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID). The following variables were constructed using information both from the SLID and from alternative sources. Information from alternative sources was attached to SLID respondents using province of residence, house location, and year in sample. » (p. 34) « I follow youth from the provinces of Ontario and Quebec for one extra year, to age 20, as youth generally require an extra year to gain the pre-requisites for university entry in those provinces. » (p. 26)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« This analysis identifies a very important potential pathway by which parental job loss can have such effects on the future labour market success of children: via educational attainment. Higher levels of educational attainment are strongly related to higher earnings levels and lower levels of welfare receipt. [...] Parental job loss from business failures and redundancy when youth are aged 16 to 17 in particular are found to have large negative effects on the post-secondary education enrollment of youth. Parental job loss also has large and persistent negative effects on parental income. Although such job losses may have direct affects on youth education outcomes, these results suggest that parental income effects are important. Financial constraints on the post-secondary education choices of youth are potentially large. [...] This study provides evidence in support of the existence of both causal effects and financial constraints. [...] As has been demonstrated by a number of researchers, job loss has large and persistent negative effects on family income. » (p. 32)