Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Related to Food Intake and Adherence to Nutritional Recommendations in a Cohort of Pre-School Children

Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Related to Food Intake and Adherence to Nutritional Recommendations in a Cohort of Pre-School Children

Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Related to Food Intake and Adherence to Nutritional Recommendations in a Cohort of Pre-School Children

Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Related to Food Intake and Adherence to Nutritional Recommendations in a Cohort of Pre-School Childrens

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Référence bibliographique [9981]

Dubois, Lise, Farmer, Anna, Girard, Manon, Burnier, Daniel et Porcherie, Marion. 2011. «Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Related to Food Intake and Adherence to Nutritional Recommendations in a Cohort of Pre-School Children ». Public Health Nutrition, vol. 14, no 6, p. 1096-1104.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
The aim of the present paper is «[t]o examine: (i) children’s food intake and adherence to both Canada’s Food Guide for Healthy Eating and Dietary Reference Intakes; and (ii) the social and demographic factors related to children’s food intake.» (p. 1096)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
The sample is composed «[...] of 1549 children aged 4 years who participated in a nutritional sub-study.» (p. 1096)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«As only a few studies have examined dietary adequacy in pre-school children, and even fewer have investigated the socio-economic determinants of healthy eating for this age group, the present study contributes to an area that is not well understood.» (p. 1097) The results of this article show that «[t]he mean daily total energy intake was 6360 kJ (1520 kcal) for girls and 6916 kJ (1653 kcal) for boys. For boys and girls alike, energy intake was comprised of approximately 54 % carbohydrates, 31 % fats and 15 % proteins. The mean number of servings consumed from each of the four essential food groups closely approached the dietary recommendations made by Canada’s Food Guide for Healthy Eating; however, <2 % of the children in the present study actually met the full dietary guidelines. The dietary intake of pre-school children was associated with socio-economic and demographic factors, most notably mother’s level of education, mother’s immigrant status and sex of the child. [...] Diet-related disparities associated with socio-economic and demographic factors exist from as early as 4 years of age.» (p. 1096)