Mental Health Challenges and Resilience in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Young Adults: Biological and Psychological Internalization of Minority Stress and Victimization

Mental Health Challenges and Resilience in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Young Adults: Biological and Psychological Internalization of Minority Stress and Victimization

Mental Health Challenges and Resilience in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Young Adults: Biological and Psychological Internalization of Minority Stress and Victimization

Mental Health Challenges and Resilience in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Young Adults: Biological and Psychological Internalization of Minority Stress and Victimizations

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1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The present study was conducted to explore the notion that discrimination and homophobia in an individual’s environment is experienced as a stressor that affects LGB young adults’ mental health, as measured by symptoms of depression, anxiety, suicidality and self-esteem. It also explored the notion that LGB youths’ internalization of societal LGB discrimination and prejudice serves as a mechanism by which LGB-stress affects mental health. In a parallel fashion, the link between LGB-stress and cortisol functioning was explored, with the intent of showing an additional mechanism by which societal stress affects mental health. [...] In addition, the extent to which individual differences in social and familial support buffers against the effects of stress was investigated.» (p.2-3)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
«Twenty-eight lesbian and bisexual young women and 35 gay and bisexual young men (Total N = 63; ages 17-26, M = 21.3, SD = 2.6) were recruited through LGB youth and student groups in community, college and university settings, a university health clinic, and a university-affiliated multidisciplinary psychiatric clinic serving the LGBT community on the island of Montreal, Quebec. The subjects were recruited through active outreach to the members of the aforementioned organizations after having requested permission from the group administrators.» (p. 39)

Instruments :
Questionnaires

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


«This study was a novel exploration of psycho-social and neuroendocrine factors that may contribute to mental health in LGB youth and young adults. Research suggests that, compared to their heterosexual peers, LGB youth and young adults report alarmingly elevated rates of depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation and attempts, and lower self-esteem in concert with a much higher incidence of victimization from family and peer-groups. Homophobic societal attitudes compounded with discrimination, marginalization, stigma, and victimization experienced by LGB individuals are thought to contribute to the development of internalized homonegativity (IH) and psychological distress. Research also suggests that victimization and social stressors can dysregulate cortisol activity, leading to increased risk for mood disorders. The main goal of the present study was to investigate the interplay of bio-psycho-social factors that are thought to contribute to positive and negative indices of mental health in a community sample of 63 LGB young adults in Montreal, Canada.» (p.iii)