Initiating a Caregiving Relationship: Pregnancy and Childbirth Factors as Predictors of Maternal Sensitivity

Initiating a Caregiving Relationship: Pregnancy and Childbirth Factors as Predictors of Maternal Sensitivity

Initiating a Caregiving Relationship: Pregnancy and Childbirth Factors as Predictors of Maternal Sensitivity

Initiating a Caregiving Relationship: Pregnancy and Childbirth Factors as Predictors of Maternal Sensitivitys

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Référence bibliographique [944]

Bernier, Annie, Jarry-Boileau, Véronique, Tarabulsy, George M. et Miljkovitch, Raphaële. 2010. «Initiating a Caregiving Relationship: Pregnancy and Childbirth Factors as Predictors of Maternal Sensitivity ». Infancy, vol. 15, no 2, p. 197-208.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The aim of this study was to investigate the relations between pregnancy and childbirth factors and subsequent quality of maternal interactive behavior toward low-risk, full-term infants. » (p. 199)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« It was expected that greater biological risk (baby’s lower birth weight, younger gestational age, and lower Apgar scores), maternal health problems during pregnancy, delivery requiring medical intervention, and a longer postnatal hospital stay, would relate to lower maternal sensitivity 1 year later, particularly among multiparous mothers. » (p. 199)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
L’échantillon comprend 116 dyades mère-enfant.

Instruments :
- Questionnaire complété par la mère
- Maternal Behavior Q-Sort (MBQS; Pederson & Moran, 1995)
- Psychiatric Symptom Index (PSI; Ilfeld, 1976)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« We found that mothers’ retrospective reports of childbirth factors 6–8 months postpartum predicted their sensitivity 4–6 months later: mothers who did not report experiencing health problems during pregnancy, who had longer gestation periods, shorter hospital stays, natural deliveries and bigger babies, were found to be more sensitive during mother–infant interactions when the infant was 1-year old. All these relations held above SES [socio-economic status] and maternal psychological distress, except for natural delivery. Examining these relations according to parity, we found that the pattern of results was almost exclusively due to multiparous mothers. Finally, maternal health problems and infant birth weight interacted with parity, such that both medical factors were related to maternal sensitivity among multiparous mothers only. » (p. 205)