Youth and Young Adult Suicide: A Study of Life Trajectory

Youth and Young Adult Suicide: A Study of Life Trajectory

Youth and Young Adult Suicide: A Study of Life Trajectory

Youth and Young Adult Suicide: A Study of Life Trajectorys

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Référence bibliographique [89]

Séguin, Monique, Renaud, Johanne, Lesage, Alain, Robert, Marie et Turecki, Gustavo. 2011. «Youth and Young Adult Suicide: A Study of Life Trajectory ». Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 45, no 7, p. 863-870.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The objective of this study compares the developmental challenges and adversities between two groups of young adult: suicide victims and a matched for age, gender and area general population volunteers as control group.» (p. 864)

Questions/Hypothèses :
«We hypothesized 1) a positive link between the presence of violence (psychological, physical and sexual abuse) and suicide deaths, and 2) early adversity would impact differently on suicide victims with regard to the cumulative difficulties during the life course.» (p. 864)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
Les auteurs ont rencontré les proches de 67 personnes qui se sont suicidés au Québec et 56 personnes pour le groupe de contrôle.

Instruments :
- Questionnaire
- Guide d’entretien de trajectoire de vie

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


Authors conclude that «[s]uicide among young adult rarely occurs “out of the blue” (Bebbington et al., 2009), but rather in a context of major difficulty and adversity, present from a very young age. The importance of conflictual interactions-first in the parent-child relationship, later at school, with friends-the presence of the social isolation speaks to the lack of protective ability between family members and constitutes a major risk factor for suffering, distress, mental problems and suicide. Numerous authors (Enns et al., 2006; Rutter, 2002; Kendler et al., 2002; Kessler et al., 1997) have already suggested that clinicians should be trained to detect the presence of early adversity, especially abuse, neglect and physical and sexual violence among vulnerable families. Based on the Ecological System Theory (Bronfenbrenner, 2005), which emphasizes that the individual, family, school and community plays a role in psychological development, environmental framework intervention may be used to alter risk factors and booster resiliency factors.» (p. 869)