Subjective Work Stress and Family Violence

Subjective Work Stress and Family Violence

Subjective Work Stress and Family Violence

Subjective Work Stress and Family Violences

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Référence bibliographique [8224]

Dompierre, Johanne et Lavoie, Francine. 1994. «Subjective Work Stress and Family Violence». Dans Job Stress in a Changing Workforce: Investigating Gender, Diversity, and Family Issues , sous la dir. de Gwendolyn Puryear Keita et Hurrell, Joseph J. Jr., p. 213-227. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
«The present research conducted among workers […] serves to identity how the perception of work stressors contributes to the explanation of violent behavior.» (p. 214)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
A sample of 854 French-Canadians was formed with the department of human resources’ collaboration. «From this sample, two subsamples were formed for this study: participants with children (Sample1, n = 367) and participants cohabiting with a partner (Sample 2, n = 529).» (p. 215)

Instruments :

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

«Generally, the workpplace was an important influence for violence toward children but not for violence toward partners. […] This study also provides information on stressors that are not related to work. In fact, our data indicate that the number of stressful events not related to work did not help distinguish between violent and nonviolent partners. […] According to our results, the predictors of expressed violence toward partners are, in order of importance, the consumption of medication in the previous 2 days, emotional distress, domestic load, and the consumption of medication over the previous year. Among workers, it is people with psychological problems and chronic health problems who express their violence. […] On the other hand, workers in our sample were characterized by the presence of work-related stress variables for expressed violence toward children. We should first note that all the heads of single-parent families in our sample (n = 29) were employed and did not seem more likely to act violently toward their children than parents living as couples. […] It is, however, important to mention the protective role that work may play for heads of single-parent families. Workers that are violent toward their children have problems of role conflict, role ambiguity, and workload in the workplace. On the other hand, the variables that better distinguish violent from nonviolent parents are domestic load and emotional distress.» (p. 221-222)