A Haven from Racism? Canadians Imagine Interracial Adoption

A Haven from Racism? Canadians Imagine Interracial Adoption

A Haven from Racism? Canadians Imagine Interracial Adoption

A Haven from Racism? Canadians Imagine Interracial Adoptions

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Référence bibliographique [800]

Dubinsky, Karen. 2010. «A Haven from Racism? Canadians Imagine Interracial Adoption». Dans Lost Kids: Vulnerable Children and Youth in Twentieth-Century Canada and the United States , sous la dir. de Mona Lee Gleason, Myers, Tamara, Paris, Leslie et Strong-Boag, Veronica, p. 15-32. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
In this chapter, the author «[…] want[s] to explore why such different ranges of understandings and beliefs about interracial adoption emerged at all [in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s].» (p. 18) The author also «[...] want[s] to use the subject of adoption to think about the different trajectories of Aboriginality and blackness in Canada [...].» (p. 17)

Questions/Hypothèses :
The author wonders «[w]hat accounts for such different public understanding of interracial adoption?» (p. 18)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
The author uses adoption case files particularly the parts written by the social worker. The author used a sample of two hundred adoption cases in Manitoba (between 1960 and 1980) and Montreal (between 1955 and 1969).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé

The author concludes that «[…] something like a community of interracial adoption was created in and around Montreal. This community believed that the families they had created through adoption embodied the possibility of racial equality. [...] The force, and uniqueness of this community of interracial adoption was evident particularly in contrast to other communities with other politics.» (p. 27-28) On the other hand, «[...] there was little sense of community of interracial adoption created around Manitoba’s Aboriginal children. They were widely disbursed geographically, often in rural areas and small towns. [...] Adoptive parents never spoke with one voice (in Montreal or in Manitoba), but the defensiveness of some white parents of Aboriginal children is striking. [...] The institutional practices of agencies working with prospective adoptive parents of aboriginal children were extremely different. Social works rarely engaged prospective parents in extended discussions on racial identity or racism. Indeed, in many case files, race was barely mentioned, and when it was, it was simply another way of saying ‘appearance’.» (p. 28)