Psychopathology in Adolescent Mothers and Its Effects on Mother-Infant Interactions: A Pilot Study

Psychopathology in Adolescent Mothers and Its Effects on Mother-Infant Interactions: A Pilot Study

Psychopathology in Adolescent Mothers and Its Effects on Mother-Infant Interactions: A Pilot Study

Psychopathology in Adolescent Mothers and Its Effects on Mother-Infant Interactions: A Pilot Studys

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Référence bibliographique [7743]

Cassidy, Beverley, Zoccolillo, Mark et Hughes, Susan. 1996. «Psychopathology in Adolescent Mothers and Its Effects on Mother-Infant Interactions: A Pilot Study ». Revue canadienne de psychiatrie / Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 41, no 6, p. 379-384.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
This study assessed adolescent maternal psychopathology and its relation to the quality of mother-infant interactions.

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
21 mères adolescentes et 21 enfants. Le recrutement a duré 5 mois au Pavillon pour adolescents du Montreal Children’s Hospital. Les enfants étaient âgés entre deux et vingt-quatre mois.

Instruments :
Les mères et les enfants ont été filmés durant des temps d’activités libres à la clinique. Des entrevues ont été conduites : utilisation du Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS). Elles devaient également remplir le questionnaire : The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) et le Crittenden’s CARE Index. D’autres dimensions comme le statut occupationnel, légal, financier et d’autres données sociodémographiques ont été enregistrées l’aide d’un questionnaire.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The goals of this study were to assess 21 mothers for symptoms of conduct disorder, alcohol or substance dependance, and depression and to compare mother-infant interactions in these subjects with those who did not exhibit such psychopathology. In results, a large porportion of mothers exhibited psychopathology. Severity of maternal depression correlated positively with maternal controllingness and infant difficulty. Severity of maternal antisocial history correlated positively with maternal unresponsiveness and infant passivity. Through preliminary, this work suggests that adolescent maternal depression and antisocial history have different effects on the quality of mother-infant interactions. Researchers and cliniciens interested in adolescent parenting should consider psychopathology as a contributing variable to the quality of mother-infant interactions. » (p. 379)