Référence bibliographique 
Gauthier, Lysanne, Guay, Frédéric, Senécal, Caroline et Pierce, Tamarha. 2010. «Women’s Depressive Symptoms during the Transition to Motherhood: The Role of Competence, Relatedness, and Autonomy ». Journal of Health Psychology, vol. 15, no 8, p. 1145-1156.
« The purpose of the present study was […] to test reciprocal relations among mothers’ perceived psychological needs (parental self-efficacy, anxious attachment/relatedness to a partner, and parental autonomy) and PDS [postpartum depressive symptoms]. » (p. 1147)
« [...] [A]re parental self-efficacy, anxiety about relations with a partner, and perceived autonomy associated with subsequent levels of PDS, or is PDS associated with parental self-efficacy perceptions, the level of anxious attachment to the partner, and perceived autonomy, or are these constructs reciprocally related over time? » (p. 1147)
« Data were collected as part of a larger longitudinal project that addressed adjustment to parenthood (Pierce, Senécal, Gauthier, & Guay, 2003). [...] The sample for this longitudinal study was composed of 331 women who provided data for at least one of the three data waves […]. » (p. 1147)
Type de traitement des données :
« Results reveal that self-reported anxious attachment to a partner two months after the child’s birth is associated with PDS three months later. Conversely, self-reported PDS two months after the child’s birth predicts more anxious attachment to a partner three months later. These reciprocal effects are observed in both the general SEM model and the supplemental SEM model. However, no support was found for the contribution of mother’s parental self-efficacy to subsequent PDS or for the path connecting prior PDS to ensuing parental self-efficacy. Moreover, although parental autonomous motivation is not related to subsequent PDS in the general SEM model, the supplemental model indicates that mothers who report high levels of parental autonomous motivation during pregnancy have lower levels of PDS two months after the birth of their child. However, no significant relations between prior PDS and subsequent parental autonomous motivation were found. These findings lead to a number of implications for theory, research, and practice. » (p. 1151)