Childrearing Attitudes Among Parents of Very Low Birth Weight and Normal Birth Weight Children

Childrearing Attitudes Among Parents of Very Low Birth Weight and Normal Birth Weight Children

Childrearing Attitudes Among Parents of Very Low Birth Weight and Normal Birth Weight Children

Childrearing Attitudes Among Parents of Very Low Birth Weight and Normal Birth Weight Childrens

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Référence bibliographique [7443]

Zelkowitz, Phyllis et Papageorgiou, Apostolos. 1996. «Childrearing Attitudes Among Parents of Very Low Birth Weight and Normal Birth Weight Children ». Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 17, no 2, p. 84-89.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Question/Hypothèses :
« It was hypothesized that, as a group, parents of VLBW [very low birth weight] children will not differ in their attitudes from parents of full-term children. However, it was hypothesized that measures of health, such as need for hospitalization and chronic lung and ear-nose-throat problems, will be associated with more overprotective parental attitudes, such as lack of encouragement of independence and inconsistent limit-setting. The hypothesis that parental attitudes will be associated with the child’s self-esteem and teacher-rated social and academic competence was also examined. » (p. 85)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The sample included 100 children born at weights under 1500g (VLBW) and a comparison group of normal birth weight children (NBW) (i.e., birth weight grater than 2500g) matched to the VLBW children for age, gender, and socioeconomic status. [...] All VLBW children were born between 1980 and 1985 at the Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, and were treated in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for periods ranging from 1 to 3 months. [...] Mean birth weight of the VLBW group was 1139g, and mean gestational age was 29 weeks. [...] NBW children were all healthy, full-term infants born at weights over 2500g. Mean birth weight was 3443g, and mean gestational age was 39 week. » (p. 85)

Instruments :
- Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised;
- Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence;
- Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children;
- Self-Perception Profile for Children;
- Parent’s Report Questionnaire;
- Classroom Behavior Inventory;
- Pupil Evaluation Inventory.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The childrearing attitudes of parents of school-age children born at weights under 1500g (VLBW) were compared with those off parents of age- and gender-matched children born at full term (NBW) to determine whether there were systematic differences between the two groups and whether parental attitudes were associated with child outcomes. Parents completed a self-report measure of childrearing attitudes and provided information on the child’s health since birth. The children were given measures of IQ and self-concept, and their teachers rated their social and academic competence. Neonatal morbidity and subsequent need for hospitalization were unrelated to parental attitudes. Parents of VLBW children reported less use of guilt as a control strategy. They were also less child-centered, particularly if their children had chronic respiratory of ear-nose-throat problems. Greater parental warmth, less control through guilt, and less parental detachment were associated with more socially competent behavior and more positive self-concept in 9-year-old VLBW children. » (p. 84)