Référence bibliographique 
Gupta, Rina et Derevensky, Jeffrey L. 1997. «Familial and Social Influences on Juvenile Gambling Behavior ». Journal of Gambling Studies, vol. 13, no 3, p. 179-192.
« This study seeks to provide a clearer understanding of the familial and social factors contributing to juvenile gambling behavior. More specifically, this study seeks to provide greater information concerning the early gambling behavior of children, addresses the reasons underlying this behavior, and examines the environmental factors that may be influencing such behavior. » (p. 183)
477 (249 males; 228 females) children from grades 4 (N=110), 6 (N=100), and 8 (N= 267) ranging in age from 9 to 14, participated. The children were selected from three middle class, public, English elementary schools and two secondary schools in Montreal.
A questionnaire containing 14 items about children’s gambling activities.
Type de traitement des données :
« Social learming theory maintains that individuals model, learn and maintain behaviors that are observed, appealing and reinforcing. As such, parents and family members can often serve as significant models for gambling. 477 children between the ages 9 and 14 completed a questionnaire inquiring about their gambling activities, including where and with whom gambling occurs, as well as information concerning their perceptions of their own gambling behavior. Results indicate that 86% of children who gamble regularly reported gambing with family members. 53% of students who gambled within the previous 12 months reported gambling with their siblings, 40% gambled with their parents, 46% gambled with other relatives, and 75% gambled in their own homes. Students’ responses also indicated gambling with their friends (85%), gambling alone (18%), and with strangers (8%). As children’s age increases they tend to gamble more at friend’s home and at school. Prevalence rates indicated that 81% of the total sample had gambled at one point in their lives and 52% of those children reported gambling once a week or more. Eleven percent reported that gambling makes them feel important, 27% feel they gamble more than they desire to do so, and only 10% of the grade 8 students fear being caught gambling, suggesting gambling activities to be a socially acceptable behavior. Several clinical and research questions are addressed. » (p. 179)