Effects of Age of Entry, Day-Care Quality, and Family Characteristics on Preschool Behavior

Effects of Age of Entry, Day-Care Quality, and Family Characteristics on Preschool Behavior

Effects of Age of Entry, Day-Care Quality, and Family Characteristics on Preschool Behavior

Effects of Age of Entry, Day-Care Quality, and Family Characteristics on Preschool Behaviors

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Référence bibliographique [7317]

Hausfather, Albert, Toharia, Angeles, LaRoche, Catherine et Engelsmann, Frank. 1997. «Effects of Age of Entry, Day-Care Quality, and Family Characteristics on Preschool Behavior ». Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 38, no 4, p. 441-448.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Questions/Hypothèses :
« In the present research, the quality of the day-care program is hypothesized to be the main determinant of risk or benefit of attendance from an early age. » (p. 442)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Out of 300 families contacted, 155 agreed to participate in the study. [...] The ages of the children at the time of the study ranged from 48 to 60 months (M=55 months). All children were attending group day-care for at least 20 hours per week, and had been in the present center for at least 3 months prior to the study. [...] There were 88 boys and 67 girls. Most families were two-parent (79%) and francophone (63%). » (p. 442)

Instruments :
- Social Competence Scale (SCS; Kohn + Rosman, 1973);
- Preschool Behavior Checklist (PBC; McGuire + Richman, 1986);
- Life Event Questionnaire;
- Parenting Stress Index (PSI- short form; Abidin, 1990);
- Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES-II, abbreviated form; Olson, Russell + Sprenkle, 1989).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Teachers evaluated 155 4-5 year-old children attending Montréal day-care centers of excellent (N=51), average (N=60), or low (N=44) quality using behavioral scales. Age of entry to day-care was also considered. Center quality was assessed by two observers using the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale. Results point to the positive effects of longer exposure to high-quality group day-care (increased interest-participation), and the negative effects of longer exposure to low-quality centers (increased anger-defiance). Positive of negative family characteristics contributed further to these effects. » (p. 441)