Mutual Help in Relation to Health: The Experience of Children

Mutual Help in Relation to Health: The Experience of Children

Mutual Help in Relation to Health: The Experience of Children

Mutual Help in Relation to Health: The Experience of Childrens

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Référence bibliographique [7305]

Jutras, Sylvie, Normandeau, Sylvie et Kalnins, Ilze. 1997. «Mutual Help in Relation to Health: The Experience of Children ». Journal of Primary Prevention, vol. 18, no 2, p. 173-192.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The object of this study is to analyze the children’s perceptions of mutual help in relation to health, defined as the concrete health-related actions exchanged with parents, siblings, and school personnel. [...]
More specifically, the objectives are as follows :
1. To identify the main health-related actions children exchange with each of their main socialization agents to examine if certain agents of socialization are more often associated with particular types of actions. [...]
2. To determine whether there are variations in child-initiated and child-received health-related actions according to the children’s age, gender, and living environment.
3. To examine the pattern of mutual help with regard to health in terms of symmetry of actions being exchanged between children and socialization agents.
4. To examine the pattern of mutual help with regard to health in terms of balance of actions being exchanged between children and each of the socialization agents. » (p. 175)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The sample consisted of 1,674 children (boys = 828; girls = 846) evenly distributed in three age groups: 5-6 years old, 8-9 years old ans 11-12 years old, living in a variety of socioeconomic and geographic environment in the Province of Québec. » (p. 176)

Instruments :
Structured Interview

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé


« Children’s perception concerning healthrelated actions exchanged with parents, siblings, and school personnel were studied. Five to 12 year-olds (n=1,674) reported receiving and initiating health actions related mainly to the promotion of healthy lifestyles behaviors, but promotion of harmonious interpersonal relationships, helping behaviors, and therapeutic acts also occur. Results show that children do not see themselves solely as receiving health car and advice from others, but also as acting upon others’ health. The findings provide information about children’s perceptions bidirectional healthrelated actions between themselves and others; aspects of health cognitions and health socialization have received little attention and that are of interest form a primary prevention perspective. » (p. 173)