Children of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Metaanalys of Risk for Mental Disorders

Children of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Metaanalys of Risk for Mental Disorders

Children of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Metaanalys of Risk for Mental Disorders

Children of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Metaanalys of Risk for Mental Disorderss

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Référence bibliographique [7294]

Lapalme, Micheline, Hodgins, Sheilagh et LaRoche, Catherine. 1997. «Children of Parents with Bipolar Disorder: A Metaanalys of Risk for Mental Disorders ». Revue canadienne de psychiatrie / Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 42, no 6, p. 623-631.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« To compare the prevalence rates of mental disorders among children of parents with bipolar disorder and of parents with no mental disorders. » (p. 623)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
17 studies, meeting specific selection criteria, were included in the metaanalysis. Risks for mental disorders among children were estimated by aggregating raw data from the selected studies.

Instruments :
- Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia;
- The Structure Clinical Interview for DSM-III or DSM -III-R.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« In order to estimate the influence of having a parent suffering from bipolar disorder on the development of mental disorders in childhood, all published investigations that have compared rates of mental disorders among children of parents suffering from bipolar disorder and children of parents with no major mental disorder or no mental disorder were reviewed. The objectives were 1) to estimate the risk for various types of mental disorders among children of parents suffering from bipolar disorder and children of parents with no mental disorder and 2) to estimate the consistency of these findings across studies using a mataanalytical procedure. » (p. 624) « The results indicate that in comparison with children of parents with no mental disorders, children of parents with bipolar disorder are 2.7 times more likely to develop any mental disorder and 4.0 times more likely to develop an affective disorder. The metaanalyses indicate that during childhood and adolescence, the risks for any mental disorder and for affective disorders in children are consistently but moderately related to having a parent who suffers from bipolar disorder. In sum, risk factors that could account for the psychopathology observed in children of bipolar parents are explored. » (p. 623)