The Experience of Caregiving Among Mothers of Adults Suffering from Psychotic Disorders: Factors Associated with Their Psychological Distress

The Experience of Caregiving Among Mothers of Adults Suffering from Psychotic Disorders: Factors Associated with Their Psychological Distress

The Experience of Caregiving Among Mothers of Adults Suffering from Psychotic Disorders: Factors Associated with Their Psychological Distress

The Experience of Caregiving Among Mothers of Adults Suffering from Psychotic Disorders: Factors Associated with Their Psychological Distresss

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Référence bibliographique [7206]

St-Onge, Myreille et Lavoie, Francine. 1997. «The Experience of Caregiving Among Mothers of Adults Suffering from Psychotic Disorders: Factors Associated with Their Psychological Distress ». American Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 25, no 1, p. 73-94.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The objective of this study was to extend the existing body of research on the caregiving of psychiatrically disabled people. We were particularly interested in evaluating the extent to which burden and social support, both considered multidimensionnally, correlated with the mothers’ psychological distress. » (p. 74)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The 99 participants in the study had a mean age of 62.1 years and 63% were 60 or older, 65 participants were married or lived with a partner. 65 respondents stated that they cared for their son or daughter more than other member of their family, whereas 34 stated that they shared this task with their spouse, other children, or the spouse of their psychiatrically disabled child. [...] There was a relatively low level of education in the group. [...] The mean family income in the previous year was between 20,000$ ans 24,999$ Canadian dollars. [...] The age of psychiatrically disabled children (69 men and 30 women) varied from 18 to 52 years and 79% had received a diagnosis of schizophrenic disorder. » (p. 79)

Instruments :
- Filial Anxiety Items (FAI)Factor B (Cicirelli, 1988);
- Questionnaire on the perception of daily support give to the child;
- Questionnaire on the burden related to the participant’s daily and social life;
- Life Skills Profile (Parker and Rosen, 1989);
- Perceived Social Support from Friends and from Family (Procidano and Heller, 1983);
- Kaplan Intimacy and Adaptation Scale (1975);
- Psychiatric Symptom Index (Ilfeld, 1976, 1978).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« To identify correlates of psychological distress among multiple indicators, 99 women with adult children suffering from a psychotic disorder were interviewed. The women, who were recruited through hospitals and self-help groups, represented different socioeconomic levels. A face-to-face standardized interview was conducted, mainly in the participants’ homes. Multiple hierarchical regression analysis showed that dimensions of burden and social support were strongly associated with distress reported by the participants. The negative interactions that participants had with their main confidant of spouse constituted a more powerful correlate that their perception of the quality of this relationship. Furthermore, a perception of their own health as poorer is a strong correlate of their distress. Since no control group was studied simultaneously, these results suggest, but do not prove, the presence of differences between others of adults with psychotic disorders ans other mothers. » (p. 73)