Gentrification and Neo-Rural Populations in the Quebec Countryside: Representations of Various Actors

Gentrification and Neo-Rural Populations in the Quebec Countryside: Representations of Various Actors

Gentrification and Neo-Rural Populations in the Quebec Countryside: Representations of Various Actors

Gentrification and Neo-Rural Populations in the Quebec Countryside: Representations of Various Actorss

| Ajouter

Référence bibliographique [714]

Guimond, Laurie et Simard, Myriam. 2010. «Gentrification and Neo-Rural Populations in the Quebec Countryside: Representations of Various Actors ». Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 26, no 4, p. 449-464.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
«The present article will explore, in the overall context of migration from the city to the countryside, the different representations of actors vis-à-vis the emergence of the gentrification of two Québec regional county municipalities (RCMs), Brome-Missisquoi and Arthabaska, and its positive and negative impacts.» (p. 449)

Questions / Hypothèses :
«Concretely, what are the manifestations and repercussions of rural gentrification? How do the various actors, which include both the gentrifiers and individuals affected by gentrification, represent the changes linked to the gentrification of their environment? Do their representations differ or converge?» (p. 449)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
The authors interviewed 47 newcomers, 27 long-time rural residents, 22 directors of local and regional community organizations, and 10 elected municipal officials in Brome-Missisquoi and Arthabaska.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu

3. Résumé


«The present article has demonstrated the scope of the important changes rural Québec has undergone due to rural gentrification. […] First, our analysis demonstrated the need to go beyond a single view of gentrifiers and, accordingly, presented the views of other actors involved. […] Second, similarly, the wealth of information emerging from these different representations prompted us to provide detailed analyses of both the harmful and positive impacts of rural gentrification. […] Third, some important nuances must be taken into consideration when applying urban theories of gentrification to rural context. For instance, impacts such as the exclusion of vulnerable populations do not affect both environments in the same way. In addition, urban gentrification usually occurs in depreciated neighbourhood whereas, in the fields of investigation studied hereto, gentrification is not necessarily located in municipalities that were devalued before the arrival of gentrifiers. […] Fourth, we stress the importance of adopting comparative and complementary methods in examining economic and cultural approaches to rural gentrification, rather than limiting the analysis to only one of these methods. […] Fifth and lastly, as showed by our comparison of Brome-Missisquoi and Arthabaska, there is no single, linear model. The multiple manifestations of rural gentrification in Brome-Missisquoi clearly corresponded to the phenomenon described in the literature. The example of the Arthabaska RCM, where the effects of rural gentrification seemed less striking in the eyes of the four types of actors, highlights the complexity.» (p. 460-461) Data on young families and family income are discussed in this article.