Affiliation With Delinquent Friends: Contributions of Parents, Self-Esteem, Delinquent Behavior, and Rejection by Peers

Affiliation With Delinquent Friends: Contributions of Parents, Self-Esteem, Delinquent Behavior, and Rejection by Peers

Affiliation With Delinquent Friends: Contributions of Parents, Self-Esteem, Delinquent Behavior, and Rejection by Peers

Affiliation With Delinquent Friends: Contributions of Parents, Self-Esteem, Delinquent Behavior, and Rejection by Peerss

| Ajouter

Référence bibliographique [7138]

Brendgen, Mara, Vitaro, Frank et Bukowski, William M. 1998. «Affiliation With Delinquent Friends: Contributions of Parents, Self-Esteem, Delinquent Behavior, and Rejection by Peers ». Journal of Early Adolescence, vol. 18, no 3, p. 244-265.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Questions/Hypothèses :
« [...] low self-esteem should mediate the relation between a perceived lack of closeness with parents and early adolescents’ subsequent association with delinquent friends. Delinquent friends, however, are expected to be chosen for a compensatory support only by (a) those early adolescents who are either delinquent themselves and therefore might be attracted to similar peers who engage in delinquent behavior or (b) those early adolescents who are rejected by the majority of their peers and therefore might not have access to more conventional friends. [...] an additional goal for this study was to examine whether the proposed relational model would be the same for boys and girls. » (p. 247)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Participants in the present study were 267 Caucasian early adolescents (130 girls and 137 boys) from a small urban city in northwestern Quebec, Canada. The participants were part of a community sample of 370 early adolescents who were followed over a 2-year period during the transition form sixth grade of primary school to the first year of high-school. [...] Participants’ average age was 12 years 2 months at T1 ans 13 years 2 months at T2 [...]. » (p. 249)

Instruments :
- Perceived closeness with parents (Le Blanc, 1992; Le Bland + Fréchette, 1989);
- Self-Perception Profile for Children (SPPC; Harter, 1985);
- Self-Reported Delinquency Questionnaire (SRDQ; Le Blanc + Fréchette, 1989);
- Rejection by peers;
- Friend’s delinquent behaviors.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Examined whether a perceived lack of closeness with parents would (1) be related indirectly to early adolescents’ association with delinquent friends and (2) be mediated by a lack of selfesteem. The mediated relation was expected to hold only for delinquent early adolescent who might be attracted to delinquent friend because of the similarity of behavioral characteristics of early adolescents who are rejected by the majority of their peers. Using a sample of 267 sixth graders, the results show that selfesteem mediated the relation between perceived closeness with parents at baseline and affiliation with delinquent friends at a 2 year followup, but only for those who were rejected by the majority of their peers. » (p. 244)