Paternal Alcoholism, Paternal Absence and the Development of Problem Behaviors in Boys from Age Six to Twelve Years

Paternal Alcoholism, Paternal Absence and the Development of Problem Behaviors in Boys from Age Six to Twelve Years

Paternal Alcoholism, Paternal Absence and the Development of Problem Behaviors in Boys from Age Six to Twelve Years

Paternal Alcoholism, Paternal Absence and the Development of Problem Behaviors in Boys from Age Six to Twelve Yearss

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Référence bibliographique [7135]

Carbonneau, René, Tremblay, Richard E., Vitaro, Frank, Dobkin, Patricia L., Saucier, Jean-François et Pihl, Robert O. 1998. «Paternal Alcoholism, Paternal Absence and the Development of Problem Behaviors in Boys from Age Six to Twelve Years ». Journal of Studies on Alcohol, vol. 25, no 4, p. 387-398.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between paternal alcoholism, paternal absence and the development of behavioral problems from ages 6 to 12 years in boys from a community sample of low-SES [socioeconomical status] families. » (p. 388)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« The following hypotheses were tested:(1) SOMAs [sons of male alcoholics] should be more maladjusted than non-SOMAs; (2) in nonalcoholic families, boys from nonintact/father absent families shoud be more maladjusted than boys from intact families; (3) in alcoholic families, boys from intact families should present the most negative outcomes; (4) because of the potential disorganization associated with alcoholic families, between ages 6 and 12, SOMAs should show greater stability or an increase in behavior problems compared to non-SOMAs. » (p. 389)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
- « Subjects were part of an ongoing longitudinal study. » (p. 389)
- « A sample of 642 boys originating from a low socioeconomic status familie was used. » (p. 387)

Instruments :
- Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST; Selzer, 1971; Selzer et al., 1975);
- Preschool Behaviour Questionnaire (Behar and Stringfield, 1974; Tremblay et al., 1987).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The purpose of this study was to examine the association between paternal alcoholism, paternal absence, and the development and stability of behavioral problems in boys, from kidergarten to the end of elementary school. [...] Consistent with the personality theory of alcoholism, results showed that a propensity for physical aggression and low anxiety best distinguished sons of male alcoholics from non-SOMAs at both ages (6 and 12 yars), even when SES was controlled. In addition, SOMAs were more oppositionnal and hyperactive than non-SOMAs at both ages. No significant effects were observed for family structure or age, or an interaction between these factors and paternal alcoholism in the multivariate analysis. The results suggest that problem behaviors in SOMAs begin early and persist over time, and that paternal alcoholism and family structure are not associated with changes in boys’ behaviors between kindergarten and the end of elementary school in this population, at least in the sample used. » (p. 387)