Predictors of the Psychological Well-Being of Primary Caregivers Living with a Demented Relative: A 1-Year Follow-up Study

Predictors of the Psychological Well-Being of Primary Caregivers Living with a Demented Relative: A 1-Year Follow-up Study

Predictors of the Psychological Well-Being of Primary Caregivers Living with a Demented Relative: A 1-Year Follow-up Study

Predictors of the Psychological Well-Being of Primary Caregivers Living with a Demented Relative: A 1-Year Follow-up Studys

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Référence bibliographique [6989]

Lévesque, Louise, Cossette, Sylvie et Lachance, Lise. 1998. «Predictors of the Psychological Well-Being of Primary Caregivers Living with a Demented Relative: A 1-Year Follow-up Study ». Journal of Applied Gerontology, vol. 17, no 2, p. 240-258.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The aim of the study was to examine predictive relationships between time 1 variables such as specific stressors, their appraised disturbance, external and internal resources, and change in psychological well-being over a year, using two negative and two positive indicators. » (p. 241)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« Are predictive relationships of change in well-being more often observed when considering the occurrence of the stressor of itt appraised stressfulness? Which resources variables demonstrate predictive relationships? Are significant predictive relationships similar or different across positive and negative indicators of psychological well-being? » (p. 241)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« One hundred and eight Canadian French-speaking primary caregivers formed the convenience sample for this one year (M= 393 days, SD = 44,8) follow-up study. [...] The caregivers had to be spouse of the demented relative, a blood relative (e.g. adult child, sister or son) or an in-law (e.g. daughter- or son-in-law), live with the demented relative, and have the main responsibility for his or her own care. » (p. 243)

Instruments :
- Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) (Derogatis and Spencer, 1982);
- Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) (Derogatis, 1977);
- Affect Balance Scale (ABS) (Lawton, Kleban and DiCarlo, 1984);
- Steinz et Admunsen Scale (1983).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« This 1-year follow-up study aimed to examine the predictors of change in psychological well-being, using 2 negative indicators (psychological distress and negative feelings about the caregiver role) and 2 positive indicators (positive feelings about the caregiver role and positive affect) of well-being. The sample consisted of primary caregivers (n=180) cohabiting with a demented relative over a 1-year period. Four variables were involved in predictive relationships with psychological well-being. The 1st variable, appraisal of the disturbance from dysfunctional behaviors at time 1, was selectively predictive of an increase in the 2 negative indicators over a year. The 2nd and 3rd variables, increased conflicts in the exchange of informal support and less frequent informal support at time 1, were predictive of an increase in psychological distress. The 4th variable, frequent use of affective-stimulative dementia management strategies at time 1, appeared to predict an increase in the 2 positive indicators of well-being. Knowledge of these 4 predictors can be useful in designing interventions that target the improvement of well-being. » (p. 240)