Effects of Parenting Practices and Socioeconomic Status on Child Development

Effects of Parenting Practices and Socioeconomic Status on Child Development

Effects of Parenting Practices and Socioeconomic Status on Child Development

Effects of Parenting Practices and Socioeconomic Status on Child Developments

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Référence bibliographique [6897]

Terrisse, Bernard, Roberts, Daniel S.L., Palacio-Quintin, Ercilia et MacDonald, Brenda E. 1998. «Effects of Parenting Practices and Socioeconomic Status on Child Development ». Revue Suisse de Psychologie, vol. 57, no 2, p. 114-123.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Questions/Hypothèses :
« It was predicted that the child’s performance on the DMIP would vary according to parenting practices [...] and family environment [...]. Furthermore, distal variables (e.g., parents’ education and family income) as measured by the FEQ and proximal variables (e.g., parenting practices and attitudes) as measured by the HOME were expected to have a differential impact on domains of child development. The sex roles of parents were also expected to influence domains of child development. Finally, it was predicted that proximal variables would be the best predictors of child development. » (p. 116)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« 40 children (20 boys and 20 girls) and their parents (French Quebecers) participated in the study. Only biparental families were used so that sex differences in parental variables could be studied. The sample therefore included 80 parents, i.e., 40 fathers and 40 mothers. Ages of children ranged from 4 to 6 years and that of parents from 20 to 40 years.
Families were referred by social agencies or CLSCs, and were selected on the basis of SES, that is, according to educational level, occupational status and family income. Parents (and children) were divided in 2 groups (more vs. less advantaged family environment) by median split according to family income. » (p. 116)

Instruments :
- Family Environment Questionnaire (FEQ; Terrisse et Dansereau, 1990);
- Development and Maturity Inventory for Preschool Children (DMIP; Terrisse et Dansereau, 1992);
- Home Observations for Measurement of the Environment (HOME; Caldwell et Bradley, 1986).

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Forty two-parent families with a child 4 to 6 years old participated in this study on the effects of the family environment. Parents completed the Family Environment Questionnaire(FEQ) while children were administered the Development and Maturity Inventory for Preschool Children (DMIP). The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) was also administered to each family. Children from a more advantaged milieu, according to the FEQ, where the home envionment was more stimulating, according to the HOME, received higher scores in the four developmental domains (motor, social, language and cognitive) of the DMIP in comparison with children from a less advantaged milieu. It was also shown that mothers have a significant influence on the child’s language and cognitive development while the influence of fathers is more evident on the child’s motor and social development. However, mothers have in general more influence than fathers on child development. The differences observed in the performance of children on the DMIP were interpreted in terms of the influence of each parent and of proximal variables (e.g., attitudes and parenting practices) and distal variables (e.g., education and socioeconomic status). A multiple regression analysis showed proximal variables to be the better predictors of child development as compared with distal variables. Finally, girls outperformed boys in the areas of social and language development, a phenomenon which was related to the mothers’ high professional status. » (p. 114)