The Quebec Adolescent Refugee Project: Psychopathology and Family Variables in a Sample From 35 Nations

The Quebec Adolescent Refugee Project: Psychopathology and Family Variables in a Sample From 35 Nations

The Quebec Adolescent Refugee Project: Psychopathology and Family Variables in a Sample From 35 Nations

The Quebec Adolescent Refugee Project: Psychopathology and Family Variables in a Sample From 35 Nationss

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Référence bibliographique [6469]

Tousignant, Michel, Habimana, Emmanuel, Biron, Colette, Malo, Claire, Sidoli-LeBlanc, Esther et Bendris, Naïma. 1999. «The Quebec Adolescent Refugee Project: Psychopathology and Family Variables in a Sample From 35 Nations ». Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 38, no 11, p. 1426-1432.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Questions/Hypothèses :
« 1. What is the prevalence of psychopathology in adolescents from refugee families in Canada, a country with a liberal policy of entry? Do rates differ according to the cultural area of origin?
2. Is the age of arrival in Canada associated with psychopathology?
3. Are the rates of morbidity higher in a metropolitain than in a nonmetropolitain area?
4. What family variables are associated with psychopathology after arrival? » (p. 1427)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« The final sample included 98 boys and 105 girls. The mean age was 15.7, and 91% were between the age of 14 and 19 years. The average number of children in the family was 3.1, about twice the Quebec provincial average. 35 countries of origin were represented [...]. All adolescents except 2 were single. 20% lived with a nonnuclear member of the family at home, mainly a grandparent or an aunt, and usually not on a permanent basis. Only 7% were born in Canada, and more than 70% arrived after age 6. » (p. 1427)

Instruments :
- Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version 2.25 (DISC-2.25), French version;
- Children’s Global Assessment Scale (CGAS);
- Family variables.

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« This study presents the results of a psychiatric epidemiological survey using a sample of adolescents from refugee families. [...] The total rate of psychopathology excluding simple phobia was 21% compared with 11% in a province-wide survey of young adolescents. Overanxious disorder had a high prevalence of 13%. The rates of major depression and conduct disorders were also high, at 5% and 6%. The rate of 3% of attempted suicide was similar to the rate found in Montreal high schools. Girls had a higher rate of psychopathology than boys, with a gender ratio similar to the one found in the provincial survey. Fathers’ long-term unemployment in the 1st year of settlement was associated with psychopathology for the whole sample, and family structure was associated with psychopathology for boys only. The high rate of psychopathology in this group confirmed results from other surveys with similar samples. On the other hand, the CGAS scores indicated that many of the adolescents with a diagnosis had good social adaptation. » (p. 1426)