Quebec Family Policy: Impact and Options

Quebec Family Policy: Impact and Options

Quebec Family Policy: Impact and Options

Quebec Family Policy: Impact and Optionss

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Référence bibliographique [6428]

Baril, Robert, Lefebvre, Pierre et Merrigan, Philip. 2000. «Quebec Family Policy: Impact and Options ». Choix / Choices, vol. 6, no 1, p. 4-33.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
« The first objective of this article is to provide an estimate of the impact of these new policies on the finances of Quebec families for 1998, and identify which types of families are gaining from them and which types are actually receiving less government support. » (p. 4)

2. Méthode

Échantillon/Matériau :
« Since government figures are not available, we used simulations that allowed us to estimate the impact of the new measures implemented by both the Quebec and federal governments. [...] For our simulations, we used the Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF), which is the dataset used by the Quebec government to conduct its (unpublished) impact analyses. » (p. 15)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé

« In September 1997, the Quebec government implemented a major reform of its family assistance programmes. This reform involved the Creation of an Integrated Child Allowance to replace several financial assistance measures offered to families. With the implementation of the reforms, the government now provides direct financial support almost exclusively to low-income families. As compensation, the government undertook to assume the extra cost of new educational services and additional daycare places available at 5$ per day. This reform radically changed the picture of government assistance to families: monetary assistance was reduced and applied more selectively, while assistance in the form of daycare services, universal in principle but largely benefiting families where both parents participate in the labour market, was increased.
It would be anticipated that a policy change of this importance would be supported by data and analyses that would contribute to an understanding of the nature and scope of the likely impact on different family types and especially, on specifically targeted groups. At no time did the Quebec government publish any such research dealing with the consequences of this reallocation of benefits. This study aims to fill this void by providing thorough insight into various aspects of family assistance programmes in Quebec, both before and after the 1997 reforms. [...]
This paper also presents an alternative approach to government assistance for Quebec families, assuming the same funding levels from the federal and provincial governments. This approach involves the implementation of a non-taxable universal family allowance that grants a minimum equal social value to all children, whatever their parents’ income. Complementary measures such as work incentives, subsidized child-care services for lower and middle-income families and programmes specifically targeted at young children could also come into play. » (p. 52)