Child Attachment Security and Self-Concept: Associations With Mother and Father Attachment Style and Marital Quality

Child Attachment Security and Self-Concept: Associations With Mother and Father Attachment Style and Marital Quality

Child Attachment Security and Self-Concept: Associations With Mother and Father Attachment Style and Marital Quality

Child Attachment Security and Self-Concept: Associations With Mother and Father Attachment Style and Marital Qualitys

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Référence bibliographique [6303]

Doyle, Anna-Beth, Markiewicz, Dorothy, Brendgen, Mara, Lieberman, Melissa et Voss, Kirsten. 2000. «Child Attachment Security and Self-Concept: Associations With Mother and Father Attachment Style and Marital Quality ». Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 46, no 3, p. 514-539.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The present study examined the multiple concurrent associations of marital adjustment and parental attachment with child attachment and adjustment via structural equation modeling. » (p. 518)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« We hypothesized that parents’ attachment security, and secondarily marital quality, are uniquely associated with child attachment and self-concept, and that child attachment security, in turn, is associated with aspects of self-concept. Given previous research, we also expected that mothers’ attachment style is more strongly related to child attachment security than fathers’ attachement style. Finally, we expected that child attachment to mother and to father is related differently to child adjustment, with attachment to mother associated with a greater number of areas of the self-concept and attachment to father more important for academic self-concept. Associations between child-father attachment and general self-worth were expected to emerge in adolescence. » (p. 519)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
Mothers, fathers and one child (50% boys) (grades 4 to 8) from 216 families in suburban Montreal

Instruments :
- Attachment Security Scale (Kerns et al., 1996)
- The Marsh Self-Description Questionnaire (SDQ; Marsh, 1988)
- Adult Attachment Questionnaire (Simpson, 1990)
- Dyadic attachment Scale (DAS; Spanier, 1976)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Children’s (n=216) attachment security and self-concept were predicted from parents’ reports of their own attachment style and marital adjustment. Structural equation modeling indicated that mothers’ anxious attachment style uniquely predicted children’s insecure attachment to both mother and father. In turn, associations of child-mother attachment with specific self-concept domains differed from those of child-father attachment with self-concept across age. For example, child-mother attachment was associated uniquely with perceived global self-worth and physical appearance for both younger (9-12 years) and older (13-14 years) children. In contrast, child-father attachment was associated uniquely with children-perceived school competence, and only for children with global self-worth. » (p. 514)