Lacourse, Éric, Claes, Michel et Villeneuve, Martine. 2001. «Heavy Metal Music and Adolescent Suicidal Risk ». Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 30, no 3, p. 321-332.
Intentions : « The purpose of this study is twofold: first to define the suicidal risk factors found in adolescents who prefer HM music, who worship music, and who listen to music for vicarous release. The second goal is to verify the independent relationships among musical preference for HM music, worshipping, vicarious music listening, and suicidal risk, while controlling for other suicidal risk factors. » (p. 324)
Échantillon/Matériau : « The student sample includes 275 French speaking adolescents (aged between 14 and 18, average age: 16,22) from the greater Montreal region. » (p. 324)
Instruments : - « Two 9-item scales representing the perceived warmth in relationships with both mother and the father measure the quality of family relationships. Both scales are shorter versions of the Parental Bonding Instrument (Parker et al., 1979) adapted by Tousignant et al. (1988). » (p. 324) - « Based on an earlier validation study (Lacourse et al., 2000), alienation is measured by 2 subcales labeled self-estrangement/powerlessness and social isolation. » (p. 324) - « High-risk individuals are identified using a scale developed by Tousignant et al. (1988) » (p. 325) - « Respondents were asked to report the quantity or alcohol, cannabis, and halucinogens consumed during the past year. This scale ranged from 1 (never) to 4 (10 or more times). » (p. 325) - « Musical preferences were measured using a list of 18 different music categories. » (p. 325)
Type de traitement des données : Analyse statistique
« This study probes the differentiating characteristics (family relationships, social–psychological attitudes, drug use, and suicidal risk) of youth who prefer heavy metal (HM) music, worship music, and use music for vicarious release. Data analysis was based on a sample of 275 secondary school students between the ages of 14 and 18. Logistic regressions revealed that HM music preference and worshipping is not significantly related to suicidal risk when controlling for other risk factors. These findings were found for both boys and girls. Surprisingly, the use of music for vicarious release was inversely related to suicidal risk for girls. These findings are discussed within the framework of Arnett’s alienation theory (Arnett, J. (1991). J. Youth Adolesc. 20(6): 573–592) and Roe’s uses-gratification theory (Roe, K. (1995). J. Youth Adolesc. 24(5): 617–631) regarding adolescent socialization and media purposes. » (p. 321)