High-risk Pregnancies, Psychological Distress, and Dyadic Adjustment

High-risk Pregnancies, Psychological Distress, and Dyadic Adjustment

High-risk Pregnancies, Psychological Distress, and Dyadic Adjustment

High-risk Pregnancies, Psychological Distress, and Dyadic Adjustments

| Ajouter

Référence bibliographique [5362]

Dulude, Dominic, Bélanger, Claude, Wright, John et Sabourin, Stéphane. 2002. «High-risk Pregnancies, Psychological Distress, and Dyadic Adjustment ». Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, vol. 20, no 2, p. 101-123.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs

Intentions :
« The goal of the present study will be to examine the effects of a high-risk pregnancy on the psychological well-being and marital adjustment of parents. » (p. 102)
Questions/Hypothèses :
« 1) all parents will experience a certain degress of temporary psychological distress, which is expected to decrease after the birth of a healthy child;
2) the experience of a high-risk pregnancy will affect the psychological adjustment of parents;
3) women will experience more psychological distress that men during the transition to parenthood, this gender diffenrence is expected to be more prominent in the context of a high-risk pregnancy;
4) the transition to parenthood will have a detrimental effect on the degree of dyadic adjustment of parents;
5) the experience of a high-risk pregnancy will affect the dyadic adjustment of parents;
6) in the low-risk pregnancy condition, women are expected to report a more significant decrease in marital adjustment than men;
7) do differences exist between men and women regarding their marital adaptation to high-risk pregnancy ? » (p. 106)

2. Méthode



Échantillon/Matériau :
45 couples francophones, dont 22 femmes avec des grossesses à risques élevés et leur 22 partenaires, ainsi que 23 femmes avec des grossesses à bas risques et leur 23 partenaires.

Instruments :
- The Psychiatric Symptoms Index (PSI ; Ilfeld, 1976) traduit en français et validé auprès de la population francophone québécoise par Tousignant & Kovess (1985);
- traduction française (Baillargeon et al., 1986 ; Bouchard et al., 1998) du Dyadic Adjustment Scale (Spanier, 1976).
Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of a high-risk pregnancy on the psychological well-being and marital adjustment of parents. Gender differences in the adaptation process of parents to this potentially stressful change in their life conditions were also investigated. Global findings showed no differences in the average psychological and marital adjustment scores of high-and-low risk parents during this transition. However, findings did suggest that high-and low-risk parents differed in the way they adapt to parenthood. Results also supported the hypothesized gender differences in the adaptation process of both women and men. » (p. 101)