Interaction Effects Between Maternal Lifetime Depressive / Anxiety Disorders and Correlates of Children’s Externalizing Symptoms

Interaction Effects Between Maternal Lifetime Depressive / Anxiety Disorders and Correlates of Children’s Externalizing Symptoms

Interaction Effects Between Maternal Lifetime Depressive / Anxiety Disorders and Correlates of Children’s Externalizing Symptoms

Interaction Effects Between Maternal Lifetime Depressive / Anxiety Disorders and Correlates of Children’s Externalizing Symptomss

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Référence bibliographique [531]

Piché, Geneviève, Bergeron, Lise, Cyr, Mireille et Berthiaume, Claude. 2010. «Interaction Effects Between Maternal Lifetime Depressive / Anxiety Disorders and Correlates of Children’s Externalizing Symptoms ». Journal of Child & Family Studies.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« The objective of this study was to investigate the interaction effects between mother’s depressive / anxiety disorders and individual, familial and socioeconomic correlates of 6-11 year-old children’s externalizing symptoms. » (PDF en ligne p. 2)

Questions/Hypothèses:
« We hypothesized that maternal depressive / anxiety disorders may interact with several individual (e.g., age, gender), family (e.g., mother-child relationship) and socioeconomic (e.g., family income) variables, to statistically predict children’s externalizing symptoms. » (PDF en ligne p. 2)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« In this present study, we selected a subsample of 1490 Quebec children from the original sample (N = 2400) of the QCMHS [Quebec Child Mental Health Study, 1992], whose parent respondent was the biological mother. » (PDF en ligne p. 2)

Instruments:
Questionnaire

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Our results support the hypothesis that mother’s depressive / anxiety disorders interact with other psychosocial characteristics to predict children’s externalizing symptoms. An original methodological contribution of this research is that these interaction effects were found for
symptoms reported by the child, in a representative sample of children aged 6-11 years from the general population. This study also clearly highlights the contribution of the family context in the process of intergenerational transmission of psychopathology. Indeed, our results suggest that externalizing symptoms can be associated with both dimensions of parent-child relationship, caring and punitive behaviors, which supports a theoretical hypothesis presented relatively recently. Maternal caring behaviors were found to be involved in the association between maternal lifetime depressive / anxiety disorders and children’s externalizing symptoms. Findings from this study thus underscore the importance of taking into account mother’s caring behaviors, as well as evaluating if children are exposed to extreme forms of punitive behaviors (e.g., physical abuse) in early preventive interventions, and in systemic or family interventions, targeting families of depressed / anxious parents (Goodman and Gotlib 2002; Van Doesum et al. 2005). » (PDF en ligne p. 8)