Référence bibliographique 
Rubin, Kenneth H., Burgess, Kim B. et Hastings, Paul D. 2002. «Stability and Social-behavioral Consequences of Toddlers’ Inhibited Temperament and Parenting Behaviors ». Child Development, vol. 73, no 2, p. 483-495.
« A purpose of the present study, therefore, was to examine the extent to which inhibited temperament and parenting practices style independently and interactively predicted social-behavioral and psychological outcomes for young children » (p. 486)
« Il was predicted that psychologically controlling parenting during the toodler period would predict chlidren’s display of socially reticent behaviors among peers at age of 4 years. [...] Parenting behavior was expected to moderate the stability of children’s wariness, such that the links between toddler inhibition and preschoolers’ reticence and internalizing problems would be strongest if mothers were psychologically controling of their toddlers. » (p. 486)
« At time 1, 108 toddlers (54 males, 54 females) and their mothers [...] then at age 4 years [at time 2], 88 children were observed [...] » (p. 483)
- Each toddler-mother dyad participed in an adapted version of the Behavioral Inhibition Paradigm (e.g., Garcia Coll, Kagan & Reznick, 1984; Kochanska, 1991);
- Toddler Play Observation Scale (Rubin & Stewart, 1994).
Type de traitement des données :
Analyse de contenu et analyse statistique
« A prospective longitudinal design was employed to ascertain whether different types of behavioral inhibition (i.e., traditional, peer-social) were stable from toddler to preschool age, and whether inhibited temperament and/or parenting style would predict children’s subsequent social and behavioral problems. At Time 1, 108 toddlers (54 males, 54 females) and their mothers were observed in the Traditional Inhibition Paradigm and in a toddler-peer session; then at age 4 years, 88 children were observed with unfamiliar peers, and maternal ratings of psychological functioning were obtained. How mothers and their toddlers interacted was also observed. Results revealed meaningful connections between toddler inhibition, maternal intrusive control and derision, and nonsocial behaviors at age 4. Both forms of toddler inhibition predicted socially reticent behavior during free play at 4 years. If mothers demonstrated relatively high frequencies of intrusive control and/or derisive comments, then, the association between their toodlers’ peer inhibition and 4-years reticence was significant and positive; whereas if mothers were neither intrusive nor derisive, then toodlers’ peer inhibition and 4-years reticence were not significantly associated. Thus, maternal behaviors moderated the relation between toddlers’ peer inhibition and preschoolers’ social reticence. » (p. 483)