Référence bibliographique 
Temcheff, Caroline E. 2002. «Longitudinal Predictors of Family Violence and Parenting Style: A Study of High-risk Individuals». Mémoire de maîtrise, Montréal, Université Concordia, Département de psychologie.
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« The present study explored longitudinal predictors of self-reported family violence and parenting styles in men and women with childhood histories that placed them at high-risk for various psycho-social problems. [...] The current study attempts to add to the current knowledge base by including fathers in the sample in order to investigate the effect that childhood aggression and withdrawal has on fathers’ parenting styles and abilities. » (p. 7)
« 1) It is our hypothesis that boys and girls characterized as aggressive in elementary school by peer will be more likely to report being violent with those close to them in adulthood.
2) In terms of parenting practice, it is hypothesized that individuals demonstrating aggressive behavioural styles in childhood might have been placed on a life course maked by problems and psycho-social stressors thereby limiting their ability to parent effectively.
3) It is believed that the measures of family violence will be more salient to women than measures of criminality or delinquency, and will therefore allow us to investigate the stability of aggressive tendencies in girls and women.
4) Increased education is hypothesized to be a protective factor against family violence and is expected to favor the development of positive parenting practices, whereas, poverty, single parenting, psychopathology, and having numerous children are expected to increase the chances of violent behaviour in the home and to hinder the development of effective parenting strategies. These relationships are expected to be similar for men and women.
5) Within this study, we expect to find that childhood aggression influences later family relationships both directly and indirectly. An aggressive behavioral style evident in young children will remain stable and will manifest itself in as a tendency to be aggressive and violent with spouse and children later in life.
6) An aggressive behavioural style will put individual at risk for numerous psycho-social stressors and adverse life circumstances that will in turn hinder the development of positive parenting practices. » (pp. 7-9)
The present study was a part of a larger ongoing research project, the Adult Follow-up Project, which is focused on a sub-sample of the original sample of 1770 subjects making up the Concordia High Risk Project.
- Demographic Information Questionnaire;
- Presence and Severity of Violence in the Home, modified version of the Conflict Tactics Scale (Strauss, 1979). French versions were used in this project;
- Parentig Dimensions Inventory (PDI : Power, 1993);
- Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCDI : First, Spitzer, Gibbon & Williams, 1997).
Type de traitement des données :
« Numerous researchers have suggested that an aggressive behavioural style is more stable over time in boys than girls. This literature has recently been called into question by studies demonstrating that girls’ styles of expressing aggression may be different from boys’, and that aggression may occur in different contexts for males and females across the life course. The present study explored longitudinal predictors of self-reported family violence and parenting styles in men and women with childhood histories that placed them at high-risk for various psycho-social problems. Three main questions are addressed: (a) Within a high-risk sample, to what extent can we use participants’ past histories of aggression and withdrawal to predict spousal and parental violence and parenting style? (b) Can we make the same predictions for both men and women? and (c) What are the developmental and current life variables that favor/hinder the development and practice of violence in the home and positive parenting strategies? These questions were examined within a subsample of individuals form the Concordia High Risk Project, a prospective, longitudinal investigation designed to study the long-term outcomes of childhood aggression and withdrawal in males and females coming from low SES urban sample. In terms of family violence, the results of this study demonstrate the stability of an aggressive behavioural style among men and women, in that those who exhibited aggressive tendencies with peers in childhood were more likely to repport using violence as a means of conflict resolution with family members as adults. However, in terms of the parenting variables, the psycho-social and currents life variables such as education and poverty status were more powerful predictors of outcomes than the childhood variables, suggesting that factors other than a stable behavioural style might be at play in the development of adaptive parenting practices. These finding highlight the need for interventions aimed at targeting aggressive behaviour in young girls as well as young boys. The findings also strongly support the inclusion of domestic violence, in addition to more public violent offending, in studying and reporting the behavioural outcomes of childhood aggression. » (p. iii)