« The central interest in this study is the desing and evaluation of a brief measure of parents primary appraisal of the entry of their child with disability into the family system and its impact of the family as an entity. [...] Our intent here is to evaluate the predictive power of our measure, the Family Impact of Childhood Disability Scale (FICD). » (p. 272)
- At time 1 : 87 families with children with developmental disabilities (5 years old on average)
- At time 2 : 64 of these families were interviewed again (children with 12 years old on average)
- Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF: Abidin, 1995);
- Dyadic Adjustment Scale (Spanier, 1976);
- Family Assessement Measure III-Short Form (FAM-SF) by Skinner, Steinhauer, & Santa-Barbara (1983, 1995);
- Family Coping Strategies Scale (F-COPES) by McCubin, Larsen, & Olson (1982);
- Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-SF) by Beck & Beck (1972);
- Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory (RSE) (Rosenberg, 1965);
- Disability Index (Trute, 1990);
- Short form of Marlowe Crowne Social Desirability Scale (Crowne & Marlowe, 1960).
Type de traitement des données :
« Objective : To developed the Family Impact of Childhood Disability Scale (FICD) to assess subjective interpretation or ’primary appraisal’ of parents regarding the impact of a child with developmental disabilities on the family.
Method : A random sample of 87 families was assessed while children with developmental disabilities were in the preschool years. After 7 years had elapsed, 64 of these families were interviewed again when the children were in the preteen years. A set of standardized self-report measures provided mother (average age 33 yrs) and father (average age 36 yrs) views of child, parent, and family functioning.
Results : The FICD demonstrated adequate internal consistency, with some evidence of discriminant and predictive validity. The FICD total score, based on the discrepancy between positive and negative subscale scores, was found to be a significant predictor of future parenting stress of mothers and of fathers, even when controlling for other important explanatory variables such as marital adjustment and level of disability in a child.
Conclusion : The 15-item FICD offers a brief assessment of both positive and negative parent appraisals, with a total discrepancy score that predicts long-term parenting stress. » (p. 271)