Predictors of Maternal Support: The Point of View of Adolescent Victims of Sexual Abuse and their Mother

Predictors of Maternal Support: The Point of View of Adolescent Victims of Sexual Abuse and their Mother

Predictors of Maternal Support: The Point of View of Adolescent Victims of Sexual Abuse and their Mother

Predictors of Maternal Support: The Point of View of Adolescent Victims of Sexual Abuse and their Mothers

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Référence bibliographique [4918]

Cyr, Mireille, Wright, John, Toupin, Jean, Oxman-Martinez, Jacqueline, McDuff, Pierre et Thériault, Chantal. 2003. «Predictors of Maternal Support: The Point of View of Adolescent Victims of Sexual Abuse and their Mother ». Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, vol. 12, no 1, p. 39-65.

Fiche synthèse

1. Objectifs


Intentions :
« Due to the importance that maternal support has for a sexually abused child’s recovery and placement following a disclosure of abuse, […] understanding the factors that both help and hinder a mother’s ability to offer support may represent an important area for psychological investigation. Currently, however, little is known about the factors that encourage or discourage a mother from believing her child and offering him/her emotional support and protection following a CSA [child sexual abuse] disclosure […]. The present study attempted to address this limitation by exploring potential predictors of maternal support in a group of adolescent sexual abuse victims. » (p. 41)

Questions/Hypothèses :
« Four categories of predictor variables were investigated in the present study as possible predictors of maternal support. The four groups of variables selected for further investigation include : (a) maternal characteristics; (b) victim characteristics; (c) disclosure characteristics; and (d) abuse characteristics. In addition, the predictive value of each of the variables included in these four categories was examined from both the mothers’ and from the victims’ perspective. A comparison of the two perceptions was then compared and examined for significant discrepancies. » (p. 46)

2. Méthode


Échantillon/Matériau :
« Participants included 107 females and 13 males aged 12 to 17 years […], who were referred to CPS [Child protection services] in the province of Quebec between 1996 and 1999 for evaluation following alleged sexual abuse, and their mothers (n = 120). » (p. 47)

Instruments :
Parental Reaction to Abuse Disclosure Scale (PRADS, Everson et al., 1989; translated in French by Thériault, Cyr & Wright, 1995)

Type de traitement des données :
Analyse statistique

3. Résumé


« Maternal support received by sexual abuse victims is considered a key factor in coping with the aftermath of abuse. The present study looked at four groups of potential predictors of maternal support: mother’s psychosocial characteristics, abuse characteristics, victim’s characteristics, and disclosure characteristics. A total of 120 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years and their mothers, who were recruited from Child Protective Services, completed questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. Multiple regression analyses performed separately on mother and child data set revealed five significant predictors of maternal support in each analysis, four of which were common to both. The discussion underscores the importance of taking into account both the mother’s and the victim’s perceptions regarding psychological adjustment and family environment. » (pp. 39-40)